Rift Valley fever (RVF) is an acute, fever-causing viral disease that usually affects domesticated animals (such as cattle and sheep), but can also infect and cause illness in humans. The majority of human infections are caused by direct or indirect contact with the blood or organs of infected animals.
Travel Vaccinations for Nigeria
Vaccines To Consider When Visiting Nigeria
A consultation will be completed with one of our specialist travel health nurses to assess your individual travel plans and health background before making recommendations, which can then be administered during the same appointment.
Vaccines Advised To Some Nigeria Visitors
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Destination Information for Nigeria
The rapidly-changing country of Nigeria is an exciting African destination. Full of life, colour and noise, this dramatic country is one of diversity: offering golden sandy beaches, flowing rivers, beautiful mountain views and incredible wildlife.
Nigeria is the most densely populated country in Africa, and the seventh most highly populated in the world. It is known for its production of valuable oil, however this has also been at the root of many of Nigeria’s troubles and political difficulties.
There is a lot to see and do for travellers; from bars and beaches to tropical rainforest, mountain escapes and ancient Muslim cities. For a remote experience to remember, head to Obudu, close to the border with Cameroon.
The resort here boasts forest walks, superb hiking, one of the world’s longest cable cars and stunning swimming pools. Yankari National Park, in the centre of Nigeria, is the best place in the country to see wildlife including lions, leopards, hyenas, baboons and many more. You can join an organised safari or take a guide in your own vehicle.
You can visit Lagos, the main city of Nigeria, to experience a true African metropolis. This is Nigeria’s commercial capital and the largest city in Africa. Its coastal location means you’ll find plentiful beaches as well as markets, museums and more. For anyone wishing to discover a vibrant and fast-developing side of Africa away from typical tourist spots and package holidays, Nigeria is a fantastic starting point.
Meningococcal Meningits in Nigeria (Update)
The outbreak of meningococcal meningitis in Nigeria is ongoing. Cases were first reported from Kebbi state in January 2015. As of 5 April 2015, a total of 1380 cases including 83 deaths have been reported by the Ministry of Health to WHO. Cases have been identified in the states of Kebbi, Sokoto and Zamfara in the northwest of the country. Neisseria meningitidis serogroup C is the type identified from the confirmed cases in this outbreak.
A national task force has been activated to manage the outbreak with support from WHO and partners.
Advice for Travellers
In Nigeria, the meningococcal season generally runs from Dec-Jun. Immunisation is available for those considered to be at risk:
- Travellers who are likely to have close, prolonged contact with the local population.
- Long stay travellers.
- Those visiting friends and relatives.
- Those who will be exposed to crowded areas (eg. stadia, schools, hopitals.)
- Travellers visiting an area affected by an ongoing outbreak or epidemic.
Malaria and regions within country:
There is a high risk of P.Falciparum malaria throughout Nigeria and anti-malarial medication is recommended.
Additional Health Risks Information for Nigeria
The security situation in Nigeria is volatile and unpredictable, and travellers are advised to take extra care, as there is a high risk of crime throughout the country. The safest areas to visit are currently Abuja, Calabar and Lagos, however even here you should exercise caution. Roads in Nigeria are often poorly maintained and badly lit, so be aware of what’s around you when travelling in a vehicle or walking close to a road. If you can, arrange to arrive in the country and do the majority of your travelling during daylight hours. Travel with a driver who has local knowledge of alternative routes to take if necessary.
Medical care and facilities are basic and extremely limited outside of the major cities. You should take with you all the medication you anticipate you will need for your entire stay, as even prescription medicine and over-the-counter drugs cannot be guaranteed to be genuine.
The climate in Nigeria is hot and dry during the summer, and heatwaves are common during the hot season from November to April. Stay covered up as much as possible, hydrate yourself by drinking clean bottled water, and use an appropriate sun protection cream. During the rainy season from May to October, flash flooding is a possibility.
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