Travel Vaccinations for Nigeria

Vaccines To Consider When Visiting Nigeria

A consultation will be completed with one of our specialist travel health nurses to assess your individual travel plans and health background before making recommendations, which can then be administered during the same appointment.

Yellow Fever + certificate
From £83
Hepatitis A
From £93
Tetanus, Diphtheria and Polio
From £50
Typhoid
From £60

Vaccines Advised To Some Nigeria Visitors

Meningitis ACWY + certificate
From £70
Rabies Vaccine - In Stock
From £75
Cholera oral
From £40
Hepatitis B - Currently Unavailable ***
From £57
There is a risk of Malaria in Nigeria. London Travel Clinic offers a range of antimalarials to keep you protected

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Destination Information for Nigeria

The rapidly-changing country of Nigeria is an exciting African destination. Full of life, colour and noise, this dramatic country is one of diversity: offering golden sandy beaches, flowing rivers, beautiful mountain views and incredible wildlife.

Nigeria is the most densely populated country in Africa, and the seventh most highly populated in the world. It is known for its production of valuable oil, however this has also been at the root of many of Nigeria’s troubles and political difficulties.

There is a lot to see and do for travellers; from bars and beaches to tropical rainforest, mountain escapes and ancient Muslim cities. For a remote experience to remember, head to Obudu, close to the border with Cameroon.

The resort here boasts forest walks, superb hiking, one of the world’s longest cable cars and stunning swimming pools. Yankari National Park, in the centre of Nigeria, is the best place in the country to see wildlife including lions, leopards, hyenas, baboons and many more. You can join an organised safari or take a guide in your own vehicle.

You can visit Lagos, the main city of Nigeria, to experience a true African metropolis. This is Nigeria’s commercial capital and the largest city in Africa. Its coastal location means you’ll find plentiful beaches as well as markets, museums and more. For anyone wishing to discover a vibrant and fast-developing side of Africa away from typical tourist spots and package holidays, Nigeria is a fantastic starting point.

Meningococcal Meningits in Nigeria (Update)

The outbreak of meningococcal meningitis in Nigeria is ongoing. Cases were first reported from Kebbi state in January 2015. As of 5 April 2015, a total of 1380 cases including 83 deaths have been reported by the Ministry of Health to WHO. Cases have been identified in the states of Kebbi, Sokoto and Zamfara in the northwest of the country. Neisseria meningitidis serogroup C is the type identified from the confirmed cases in this outbreak.

A national task force has been activated to manage the outbreak with support from WHO and partners.

Advice for Travellers

In Nigeria, the meningococcal season generally runs from Dec-Jun. Immunisation is available for those considered to be at risk:

  • Travellers who are likely to have close, prolonged contact with the local population.
  • Long stay travellers.
  • Those visiting friends and relatives.
  • Those who will be exposed to crowded areas (eg. stadia, schools, hopitals.)
  • Travellers visiting an area affected by an ongoing outbreak or epidemic.

Malaria and regions within country:

There is a high risk of P.Falciparum malaria throughout Nigeria and anti-malarial medication is recommended.

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Non Vaccinated Diseases

Rift Valley fever

Rift Valley fever (RVF) is an acute, fever-causing viral disease that usually affects domesticated animals (such as cattle and sheep), but can also infect and cause illness in humans. The majority of human infections are caused by direct or indirect contact with the blood or organs of infected animals.

Crimean-Congo haemorrhagic fever

Crimean-Congo haemorrhagic fever (CCHF) is primarily spread to humans either by infected ticks or animal blood. Human-to-human transmission can also occur resulting from close contact with the blood, organs or other bodily fluids of an infected person.

West Nile virus

West Nile virus (WNV) is spread by mosquitoes in many countries. There are usually no symptoms, although some people develop mild flu-like symptoms, nausea and skin rash. The virus is not contagious and should get better without any treatment.

Travel Kits and Accessories
Price
Deet 50% (100ml)
£8
Deet 50% (50ml)
£6
Lifesystems EX4 Anti-Mozzie Fabric Spray 350ml
£8.50
Lifesystems Micro Mosquito Net (Single)
£20
Lifesystems Micro Mosquito Net (Double)
£25
Natural Mosquito Repellent (100ml)
£7.75

Zika virus

Zika virus is usually transmitted by the bite of an infected Aedes species mosquito. These mosquitoes are most active during the day, especially during mid-morning, then late afternoon and dusk through to evening. For most people it's a very mild infection with minor or no symptoms, but is more of a risk to pregnant woman as it could result in certain birth defects.

Travel Kits and Accessories
Price
Deet 50% (100ml)
£8
Deet 50% (50ml)
£6
Lifesystems EX4 Anti-Mozzie Fabric Spray 350ml
£8.50
Lifesystems Micro Mosquito Net (Single)
£20
Lifesystems Micro Mosquito Net (Double)
£25
Natural Mosquito Repellent (100ml)
£7.75

African tick bite fever

Bacterial infection from bite from infected ticks. Most common between April-November and in rural, camping and hiking areas. Causes redness around site of bite and symptoms usually within 2 weeks, such as fever, muscle pain, headache and rash.

Travel Kits and Accessories
Price
Deet 50% (100ml)
£8
Deet 50% (50ml)
£6
Lifesystems EX4 Anti-Mozzie Fabric Spray 350ml
£8.50

Chikungunya

Chikungunya is a viral disease transmitted to humans by infected mosquitoes and it causes fever and severe joint pain. Other symptoms include muscle pain, headache, nausea, fatigue and rash. Joint pain is often debilitating and can vary in duration. The disease shares some clinical signs with Dengue, and can be misdiagnosed in areas where Dengue is common. There is no cure for the disease. Treatment is focused on relieving the symptoms.

Travel Kits and Accessories
Price
Deet 50% (100ml)
£8
Deet 50% (50ml)
£6
Lifesystems Bed Bug Barrier Bedsheet
£12.99
Lifesystems EX4 Anti-Mozzie Fabric Spray 350ml
£8.50
Lifesystems Micro Mosquito Net (Single)
£20
Lifesystems Micro Mosquito Net (Double)
£25

Dengue Fever

Dengue Fever is a viral disease which develops from mosquito bites during the day time. There is no treatment, only symptomatic relief. Symptoms include: High fever (40°C), severe headache, pain behind the eyes, muscle and joint pains, nausea, vomiting, swollen glands and a rash usually lasting for 2-7 days. WHO estimates 390 million cases of Dengue infections per year.

Travel Kits and Accessories
Price
Deet 50% (100ml)
£8
Deet 50% (50ml)
£6
Lifesystems EX4 Anti-Mozzie Fabric Spray 350ml
£8.50
Lifesystems Micro Mosquito Net (Single)
£20
Lifesystems Micro Mosquito Net (Double)
£25

Leishmaniasis

A parasitic disease transmitted by the bite of an infected sandfly. Cutaneous Leishmaniasis (the most common): Causes skin lesions, mainly ulcers on exposed parts of the body, causing scars and serious disability. 90% of cases are in the Americas, the Mediterranean basin, the Middle East and Asia. Visceral Leishmaniasis (the most dangerous): Causes enlarged spleen and liver, anaemia, weight loss and irregular bouts of fever. Highly endemic in the Indian Subcontinent and East Africa. Mucotaneous (the least common): Causes partial or total destruction of the mucous membranes in the nose, mouth and throat. Most cases are found in Peru, Bolivia and Brazil.

Travel Kits and Accessories
Price
Deet 50% (100ml)
£8
Deet 50% (50ml)
£6
Lifesystems EX4 Anti-Mozzie Fabric Spray 350ml
£8.50
Lifesystems Micro Mosquito Net (Single)
£20
Lifesystems Micro Mosquito Net (Double)
£25

Schistosomiasis

Schistosomiasis, also called bilharzia, is an infection caused by a parasitic worm that lives in fresh water in subtropical and tropical regions. Avoid swimming in fresh water rivers, streams and lakes if you can. You often don't have any symptoms at first, but after a few weeks may develop a rash, high temperature, cough, diarrhoea and joint pain. Schistosomiasis can usually be treated successfully with a short course of a medication that kills the worms.

Trypanosomiasis

Human African trypanosomiasis, also known as sleeping sickness, is a parasitic disease transmitted to humans by the bite of an infected tsetse fly, which is only found in rural Africa. Initial symptoms include severe headache, insomnia, enlarged lymph nodes, anaemia and rash.

Travel Kits and Accessories
Price
Deet 50% (100ml)
£8
Deet 50% (50ml)
£6
Lifesystems EX4 Anti-Mozzie Fabric Spray 350ml
£8.50
Lifesystems Micro Mosquito Net (Single)
£20
Lifesystems Micro Mosquito Net (Double)
£25
Natural Mosquito Repellent (100ml)
£7.75

Additional Health Risks Information for Nigeria

The security situation in Nigeria is volatile and unpredictable, and travellers are advised to take extra care, as there is a high risk of crime throughout the country. The safest areas to visit are currently Abuja, Calabar and Lagos, however even here you should exercise caution. Roads in Nigeria are often poorly maintained and badly lit, so be aware of what’s around you when travelling in a vehicle or walking close to a road. If you can, arrange to arrive in the country and do the majority of your travelling during daylight hours. Travel with a driver who has local knowledge of alternative routes to take if necessary.

Medical care and facilities are basic and extremely limited outside of the major cities. You should take with you all the medication you anticipate you will need for your entire stay, as even prescription medicine and over-the-counter drugs cannot be guaranteed to be genuine.

The climate in Nigeria is hot and dry during the summer, and heatwaves are common during the hot season from November to April. Stay covered up as much as possible, hydrate yourself by drinking clean bottled water, and use an appropriate sun protection cream. During the rainy season from May to October, flash flooding is a possibility.

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