Vaccines advised to ALL Nigeria visitors

Vaccines advised to SOME Nigeria visitors i The vaccines you need will depend on where in the country you are visiting, how long you will stay and what activities you will undertake during your trip. During your consultation our nurse will advise if you should consider any of the following vaccinations.

There is a risk of Malaria in Nigeria. London Travel Clinic offers a range of antimalarials to keep you protected

NOTE: British travellers should also ensure they have adequate protection from MEASLES, MUMPS and RUBELLA and TUBERCULOSIS, which are normally given as part of the childhood vaccination schedule.

Destination Information for Nigeria

The rapidly-changing country of Nigeria is an exciting African destination. Full of life, colour and noise, this dramatic country is one of diversity: offering golden sandy beaches, flowing rivers, beautiful mountain views and incredible wildlife.

Nigeria is the most densely populated country in Africa, and the seventh most highly populated in the world. It is known for its production of valuable oil, however this has also been at the root of many of Nigeria’s troubles and political difficulties.

Learn More

There is a lot to see and do for travellers; from bars and beaches to tropical rainforest, mountain escapes and ancient Muslim cities. For a remote experience to remember, head to Obudu, close to the border with Cameroon.

The resort here boasts forest walks, superb hiking, one of the world’s longest cable cars and stunning swimming pools. Yankari National Park, in the centre of Nigeria, is the best place in the country to see wildlife including lions, leopards, hyenas, baboons and many more. You can join an organised safari or take a guide in your own vehicle.

You can visit Lagos, the main city of Nigeria, to experience a true African metropolis. This is Nigeria’s commercial capital and the largest city in Africa. Its coastal location means you’ll find plentiful beaches as well as markets, museums and more. For anyone wishing to discover a vibrant and fast-developing side of Africa away from typical tourist spots and package holidays, Nigeria is a fantastic starting point.

Meningococcal Meningits in Nigeria (Update)

The outbreak of meningococcal meningitis in Nigeria is ongoing. Cases were first reported from Kebbi state in January 2015. As of 5 April 2015, a total of 1380 cases including 83 deaths have been reported by the Ministry of Health to WHO. Cases have been identified in the states of Kebbi, Sokoto and Zamfara in the northwest of the country. Neisseria meningitidis serogroup C is the type identified from the confirmed cases in this outbreak.

A national task force has been activated to manage the outbreak with support from WHO and partners.

Advice for Travellers

In Nigeria, the meningococcal season generally runs from Dec-Jun. Immunisation is available for those considered to be at risk:

  • Travellers who are likely to have close, prolonged contact with the local population.
  • Long stay travellers.
  • Those visiting friends and relatives.
  • Those who will be exposed to crowded areas (eg. stadia, schools, hopitals.)
  • Travellers visiting an area affected by an ongoing outbreak or epidemic.

Malaria and regions within country:

There is a high risk of P.Falciparum malaria throughout Nigeria and anti-malarial medication is recommended.

Malaria chemoprophylaxis for high risk zones:

Doxycycline OR Atovaquone/Proguanil OR Mefloquine

If all other anti-malarials are not deemed suitable, Chloroquine plus Proguanil can be used but it is less effective.

Useful Links

International travel clinic locator: www.istm.org

The Foreign and Commonwealth Office: www.fco.gov.uk

British Embassy

British High Commission Abuja

19 Torrens Close,
Mississippi, Maitama Abuja
Abuja
Nigeria

Email: PPAInformation.abuja@fco.gov.uk
Telephone: +234 (9) 4622200

British Deputy High Commission Lagos

Consular, and Visa Sections
11 Walter Carrington Crescent
Victoria Island
Lagos
Nigeria

Email: consular.lagos@fco.gov.uk, visa.lagos@fco.gov.uk
Telephone: + 234 (1) 277 0780/0781/0782

Useful Vaccinations for Nigeria

Disease & Source
Vaccination Details
Course
Price
Disease: Hepatitis A
Source: Contaminated food and water
Vaccination Details

One of the following vaccination courses may be recommended:

  • A single course injection of Havrix Monodose to cover against Hepatitis A
  • A course of three injections of Twinrix to cover against Hepatitis A and Hepatitis B
  • A single dose of Hepatyrix to cover against Hepatitis A and Typhoid fever
Course
Varies
Price
Varies
Disease: Diphtheria
Source: Person to person
Vaccination Details

A single injection of Revaxis will protect against Tetanus, Diphtheria and Polio. In the UK, the TDP vaccination against Diphtheria infection is part of the childhood immunisation schedule.

Course
1 dose
Price
£32.00
Disease: Tetanus
Source: Puncture wounds, burns and intravenous drug use
Vaccination Details

A single injection of Revaxis will protect against Tetanus, Diphtheria and Polio. In the UK, the TDP vaccination against Diphtheria infection is part of the childhood immunisation schedule.

Course
1 dose
Price
£32.00
Disease: Polio
Source: Contaminated food and water
Vaccination Details

A single injection of Revaxis will protect against Tetanus, Diphtheria and Polio. In the UK, the TDP vaccination against Diphtheria infection is part of the childhood immunisation schedule.

Course
1 dose
Price
£32.00
Disease: Typhoid
Source: Contaminated food and water
Vaccination Details

One of the following vaccination courses may be recommended:

  • Typhim Vi, single dose injection
  • Vivotif, 3 capsules
  • Viatim, single dose injection of Hepatitis A & Typhoid combined
Course
1 dose
Price
£50.00
Disease: Yellow Fever
Source: Mosquitos
Vaccination Details

Travellers to areas at risk may require a single dose injection of Stamaril. Nearly all affected countries require proof of Yellow Fever vaccination in the form of an International Certificate of Vaccination before they allow a traveller to enter. Failure to provide a valid certificate can lead to a traveller being quarantined, immunised or denied entry.

Course
1 dose
Price
£70.00
Disease: Cholera
Source: Contaminated food and water
Vaccination Details

A course of two Dukoral tablets, which is administered orally.

Course
2 doses
Price
£32.50
Disease: Hepatitis B
Source: Infected blood and bodily fluids
Vaccination Details

One of the following vaccination courses may be recommended:

  • A course of three injections of Energix B to cover against Hepatitis B
  • A course of three injections of Twinrix to cover against Hepatitis A and Hepatitis B
Course
Varies
Price
Varies
Disease: Rabies
Source: Animal to person
Vaccination Details

A course of three injections of the vaccine (Rabies BP or Rabipur) will cover against Rabies and is recommended. In the event of possible exposure to Rabies, urgent medical attention should be sought, even in those who have received pre-exposure vaccines.

Course
Price
Disease: Malaria
Source: Mosquitos
Vaccination Details

There are a range of different anti-malarial tablets that will be prescribed to travellers based on several factors, including: destination, medical history, family history, current medications, previous problems with anti-malarial tablets, age and pregnancy.

Course
1 dose
Price
£50.00

Non-Vaccinated Diseases

Disease
Source
Our Advice
Source: Insects
Our Advice: Use 50%+Deet insect repellent
Disease: Brucellosis
Source: Animals to humans
Our Advice: Avoid eating or drinking unpasteurized milk, cheese, or ice cream (including queso fresco)
Disease: Filariasis
Source: Mosquitos
Our Advice: Use 50% Deet+ insect repellent
Disease: Leishmaniasis
Source: Sandfly
Our Advice: Use 50% Deet+ insect repellent
Disease: HIV/AIDS
Source: Bodily Fluids
Our Advice: Use a condom for sex and to never share needles or other injecting equipment (including syringes, spoons and swabs).
Source: Contaminated food and water, person to person
Our Advice: Tummy kit and Tummy Kit +
Disease: Leptospirosis
Source: Animals to humans
Our Advice: Avoid swallowing flood waters or water from lakes, rivers, and swamps. Avoid wading in flooded areas, especially if you have any cuts or abrasions
Disease: Schistosomiasis
Source: Parasitic Flatworms in fresh water ponds, lakes, rivers and canals
Our Advice: Avoid swimming or wading in freshwater. Drink safe water
Disease: Trypanosomiasis
Source: Insects
Our Advice: Use 50% Deet+ insect repellent

Additional Health Risks Information for Nigeria

The security situation in Nigeria is volatile and unpredictable, and travellers are advised to take extra care, as there is a high risk of crime throughout the country. The safest areas to visit are currently Abuja, Calabar and Lagos, however even here you should exercise caution. Roads in Nigeria are often poorly maintained and badly lit, so be aware of what’s around you when travelling in a vehicle or walking close to a road. If you can, arrange to arrive in the country and do the majority of your travelling during daylight hours. Travel with a driver who has local knowledge of alternative routes to take if necessary.

Medical care and facilities are basic and extremely limited outside of the major cities. You should take with you all the medication you anticipate you will need for your entire stay, as even prescription medicine and over-the-counter drugs cannot be guaranteed to be genuine.

The climate in Nigeria is hot and dry during the summer, and heatwaves are common during the hot season from November to April. Stay covered up as much as possible, hydrate yourself by drinking clean bottled water, and use an appropriate sun protection cream. During the rainy season from May to October, flash flooding is a possibility.

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