Vaccines advised to ALL Lesotho visitors

Vaccines advised to SOME Lesotho visitors i The vaccines you need will depend on where in the country you are visiting, how long you will stay and what activities you will undertake during your trip. During your consultation our nurse will advise if you should consider any of the following vaccinations.

There is a risk of Malaria in Lesotho. London Travel Clinic offers a range of antimalarials to keep you protected

NOTE: British travellers should also ensure they have adequate protection from MEASLES, MUMPS and RUBELLA and TUBERCULOSIS, which are normally given as part of the childhood vaccination schedule.

Destination Information for Lesotho

Hidden away in Southern Africa, the Kingdom of Letho is a mountainous country. It is also known as the ‘Kingdom of the Sky’ and the ‘Switzerland of Africa.’ These names are thanks to the dramatic scenery of the Maloti Mountains. The rugged landscape and remote location of Letho means that most of the country can only be reached on foot, on horseback, or by light aircraft. Letho has the highest low point of any country in the world, and is the only country in the world to be entirely above 1,000m in altitude.

The capital of Lesotho is Maseru, on the north-west border with South Africa. Here there are some western-style shops, where you can stock up on supplies before venturing into the more remote areas of the country. To the north is the town of Hlotse or Leribe, another good stocking up point and home to many regional markets filled with fabulous craft stalls.

While the geographical features of Letho make it difficult to reach, they also make for a top adventure destination. Visitors here can try their hand at rock climbing, pony trekking, abseiling, hiking, mountain biking and skiing. Hiking fans should make a point of visiting the Bokong Nature Reserve, where in winter the Lepaquoa waterfall freezes into a solid column! The remote Sehlabathebe National Park is another mountainous reserve great for wildlife spotting, waterfalls and ancient rock paintings.

Useful Links

International travel clinic locator: www.istm.org

The Foreign and Commonwealth Office: www.fco.gov.uk

British Embassy

There is no British embassy in Lesotho. Please contact the FCO for advice.

Useful Vaccinations for Lesotho

Disease & Source
Vaccination Details
Course
Price
Disease: Hepatitis A
Source: Contaminated food and water
Vaccination Details

One of the following vaccination courses may be recommended:

  • A single course injection of Havrix Monodose to cover against Hepatitis A
  • A course of three injections of Twinrix to cover against Hepatitis A and Hepatitis B
  • A single dose of Hepatyrix to cover against Hepatitis A and Typhoid fever
Course
Varies
Price
Varies
Disease: Typhoid
Source: Contaminated food and water
Vaccination Details

One of the following vaccination courses may be recommended:

  • Typhim Vi, single dose injection
  • Vivotif, 3 capsules
  • Viatim, single dose injection of Hepatitis A & Typhoid combined
Course
1 dose
Price
£50.00
Disease: Cholera
Source: Contaminated food and water
Vaccination Details

A course of two Dukoral tablets, which is administered orally.

Course
2 doses
Price
£32.50
Disease: Hepatitis B
Source: Infected blood and bodily fluids
Vaccination Details

One of the following vaccination courses may be recommended:

  • A course of three injections of Energix B to cover against Hepatitis B
  • A course of three injections of Twinrix to cover against Hepatitis A and Hepatitis B
Course
Varies
Price
Varies
Disease: Rabies
Source: Animal to person
Vaccination Details

A course of three injections of the vaccine (Rabies BP or Rabipur) will cover against Rabies and is recommended. In the event of possible exposure to Rabies, urgent medical attention should be sought, even in those who have received pre-exposure vaccines.

Course
Price
Disease: Diphtheria
Source: Person to person
Vaccination Details

A single injection of Revaxis will protect against Tetanus, Diphtheria and Polio. In the UK, the TDP vaccination against Diphtheria infection is part of the childhood immunisation schedule.

Course
1 dose
Price
£32.00
Disease: Tetanus
Source: Puncture wounds, burns and intravenous drug use
Vaccination Details

A single injection of Revaxis will protect against Tetanus, Diphtheria and Polio. In the UK, the TDP vaccination against Diphtheria infection is part of the childhood immunisation schedule.

Course
1 dose
Price
£32.00
Disease: Polio
Source: Contaminated food and water
Vaccination Details

A single injection of Revaxis will protect against Tetanus, Diphtheria and Polio. In the UK, the TDP vaccination against Diphtheria infection is part of the childhood immunisation schedule.

Course
1 dose
Price
£32.00
Disease: Malaria
Source: Mosquitos
Vaccination Details

There are a range of different anti-malarial tablets that will be prescribed to travellers based on several factors, including: destination, medical history, family history, current medications, previous problems with anti-malarial tablets, age and pregnancy.

Course
1 dose
Price
£50.00

Non-Vaccinated Diseases

Disease
Source
Our Advice
Source: Insects
Our Advice: Use 50%+Deet insect repellent
Disease: Brucellosis
Source: Animals to humans
Our Advice: Avoid eating or drinking unpasteurized milk, cheese, or ice cream (including queso fresco)
Disease: Filariasis
Source: Mosquitos
Our Advice: Use 50% Deet+ insect repellent
Disease: HIV/AIDS
Source: Bodily Fluids
Our Advice: Use a condom for sex and to never share needles or other injecting equipment (including syringes, spoons and swabs).
Disease: Leishmaniasis
Source: Sandfly
Our Advice: Use 50% Deet+ insect repellent
Source: Contaminated food and water, person to person
Our Advice: Tummy kit and Tummy Kit +
Disease: Trypanosomiasis
Source: Insects
Our Advice: Use 50% Deet+ insect repellent

Additional Health Risks Information for Lesotho

Lesotho is generally considered a safe country to visit, and most trips here are trouble-free. Petty crime can occur in the capital Maseru, and tourists are most likely to be targeted by muggers or carjackers. Take particular care in the city, especially during peak holiday season. Use pre-booked taxis whenever you can, as there is no public transport available, and walking after dark is not advisable. If you are driving or hiring a car, keep doors locked and windows closed. The roads are not well-maintained and are often poorly lit. Be aware of animals on the road in rural areas.

Medical facilities in Lesotho are basic. If you require anything other than routine treatment, or are seriously ill or injured you may need medical evacuation, so ensure that your travel insurance will cover this, and that you have access to funds to cover initial costs. Bloemfontein, South Africa, is about 90 minutes by car from Maseru, and this is where expats usually go for medical care.  A Yellow fever vaccination certificate is required for travellers aged over 9 months arriving from countries with risk of yellow fever transmission and for travellers having transited more than 12 hours through the airport of a country with risk of yellow fever transmission. Malaria is not normally present.

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