A parasitic disease transmitted by the bite of an infected sandfly. Cutaneous Leishmaniasis (the most common): Causes skin lesions, mainly ulcers on exposed parts of the body, causing scars and serious disability. 90% of cases are in the Americas, the Mediterranean basin, the Middle East and Asia. Visceral Leishmaniasis (the most dangerous): Causes enlarged spleen and liver, anaemia, weight loss and irregular bouts of fever. Highly endemic in the Indian Subcontinent and East Africa. Mucotaneous (the least common): Causes partial or total destruction of the mucous membranes in the nose, mouth and throat. Most cases are found in Peru, Bolivia and Brazil.
Travel Vaccinations for Kazakhstan
Vaccines To Consider When Visiting Kazakhstan
A consultation will be completed with one of our specialist travel health nurses to assess your individual travel plans and health background before making recommendations, which can then be administered during the same appointment.
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Destination Information for Kazakhstan
Kazakhstan is the largest of the Central Asian states of the former Soviet Union, the 9th largest country in the world and the largest landlocked country in the world. It is bordered by Russia, China, Kyrgyzstan, Uzbekistan, and Turkmenistan. Kazakhstan became a Soviet Republic in 1936 after being conquered by Russia in the second part of the 19th century.
This resourceful and rich country is often thought of as a vast and empty landscape, although there is plenty to see here for those who care to look.
The landscape of Kazakhstan is largely made up of mountains and plains and the emptiness can stretch on for miles and miles. There are also snow-capped mountain peaks, stunning glaciers and crystal clear lakes within the Tian Shan range in the Almighty Province in the South-eastern corner of the country.
The capital of Kazakhstan is Astana, a new city that is rapidly growing. A popular pastime here, as in many of the cities, is a visit to a sauna complex, where many of the locals head to discuss business, host parties and generally socialise.
Thanks to the generally stable economy of Kazakhstan, transport, eateries and accommodation are of good quality. Most visitors come to the country for the wildlife and trekking opportunities, which are simply breathtaking.
Infections and Outbreaks frequently change from country to country and by attending our clinics you will be given the most up to date clinical and safety advice from our team of specialists. Our advice to you often includes aspects such as:
- Food and water hygiene
- Insect and animal bite avoidances
- Personal safety
- Sexually transmitted infections
- Sun protection
- Altitude sickness
Malaria and regions within country:
There is no malaria present in Kazakhstan
Additional Health Risks Information for Kazakhstan
Most areas within Kazakhstan are safe for travel, although some areas, including military and restricted zones, are closed and require advance permission. You should carry your passport with you for identification purposes at all times. Crime within major cities can be targeted at tourists and foreigners, so avoid travelling alone, particularly after dark if you are unfamiliar with your location, and don’t carry visible valuables with you.
The roads in Kazakhstan are often poorly maintained, and can be hazardous with snow and ice during the winter. If you’re driving, make sure you take spare food, water and a blanket with you in case you break down or get stuck. Service stations are few and far between, and the poor standard of many vehicles in the country means long journeys can be risky. Travellers who may go into areas of high altitude should take care to avoid ill effects of being at altitude including Acute Mountain Sickness.
Medical facilities here are reasonable, although not to the same standards as you would find in the UK. Within rural areas the closest hospital or clinic may be quite a distance away. Language can also be an issue, as only Kazakh or Russian is spoken, so you may find it difficult to make yourself understood. Be particularly aware of avoiding animals as rabies is prevalent. It is a Tick-borne Encephalitis endemic area in the warmer month, discuss the option of vaccination with a travel clinic before you travel.