Destination Information for Ethiopia
Ethiopia, found on the Horn of Africa, is the second most populated country in Africa, and the oldest independent country on the continent. Ethiopia is a dramatic, extreme and adventure-filled country, filled with incredible wildlife and historical treasures. Ethiopia has much to offer for visitors not least the scientific communities belief that this country could be the cradle of mankind. The ancient Ge’ez script, which is also known as Ethiopic is one of the oldest alphabets still in use.
The natural attractions of the country include not only the arid desert vista’s with which we’re likely familiar, but also beautiful mountains, lakes and waterfalls. As we previously mentioned both historians and scientists believe that Ethiopia was home to the beginning of mankind, and fossils of some of the oldest humans to be found, which are 3.5 million years old, were discovered in the north of the country. If you’re out for adventure, make sure you visit the volcanic lake in the Danakil Depression, said to be the hottest and most inhospitable place on earth! Ethiopia’s capital, the city of Addis Ababa in the Entoto Mountains is the starting point for most tourists. From here you can join organised tours to see some of the spectacular views and ancient religious sites, from castles to hidden tombs.
Addis Ababa is also where you’ll find the National Museum and the Ethnological Museum, with enough to see to satisfy the most curious of travellers. For those wanting to experience the wild side of Ethiopia, head to the Bale Mountains National Park, a stunning landscape with incredible views and a dense concentration of wildlife. While you’re in the country, make sure you sample a cup of fresh coffee – it’s here that the humble coffee bean was first discovered!
Malaria and regions within country:
There is a high risk of P.Falciparum and P.Vivax malaria throughout the country, excluding the city of Addis Ababa where there is no risk. In high risk areas anti-malarial medication is recommended.
Malaria chemoprophylaxis for high risk zones:
If all other anti-malarials are not deemed suitable, Chloroquine plus Proguanil can be used but it is less effective.
Measles in Ethiopia
Measles is an ongoing problem in Ethiopia despite Government mass immunization campaigns. In 2014,large numbers of measles cases continue to occur. More than 15 500 suspected cases were reported from 249 districts of the country, of those, 8625 were confirmed as positive for measles.
Advice for Travellers
It should be confirmed that children have received their recommended doses of MMR at 12-15 months of age and again pre-school around 3 years 6 months, while unimmunised adults who have not had the disease themselves may consider vaccination if thought to be at risk. Two doses of MMR vaccine are required to give adequate protection.