The human immunodeficiency virus is a lentivirus that causes HIV infection and acquired immunodeficiency syndrome. Infection with HIV occurs by the transfer of bodily fluids.
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Destination Information for Antarctica
Antarctica is the most Southerly continent in the world, a huge icy landscape that is almost completely uninhabited due to the extreme harsh conditions and inaccessible location. Antarctica is home to the South Pole. Most visitors to the continent do so for research purposes, or as part of organised trips or expeditions to see the incredible sights of towering glaciers and icebergs, and the population of penguins, whales and other wildlife.
Antarctica is only accessible to tourists by sea from November to March during the austral summer, when the sea ice has melted enough to allow access to ships. Many visitors head to Anver Island, or Andvord Bay, where there is a museum at Port Lockroy, Cuverville Island, and the only two operating cruise ship stops.
If you’re visiting Antarctica for recreational purposes, tourist facilities are few and far between, although there is more opportunity now than there has ever been to experience this unique and mysterious landscape first hand. There are a number of companies which operate tours and expeditions, and going as part of an organised group is probably the safest and most reliable way to travel.
There truly is no other place on earth like Antarctica, and a visit here may be a once in a lifetime opportunity to explore a magical world, leaving all the comforts of home behind.
Infections and Outbreaks frequently change from country to country and by attending our clinics you will be given the most up to date clinical and safety advice from our team of specialists. Our advice to you often includes aspects such as:
- Food and water hygiene
- Insect and animal bite avoidances
- Personal safety
- Sexually transmitted infections
- Sun protection
- Altitude sickness
Malaria and regions within country:
There is no malaria present in Antarctica
Additional Health Risks Information for Antarctica
Antarctica is the coldest, driest and windiest destination on earth. The primary health hazard for visitors to the continent is from the extremely low temperature. Travellers should ensure they have appropriate kit and clothing for their trip, including protective eyewear, as the glare from the sun on the snow can be damaging to the eyes and skin. Whether you’re travelling alone or as part of an organised tour, take adequate food and supplies with you, and make sure you have means of summoning help and communicating your location in the event of an emergency.
Some areas of Antarctica have high altitude, so be aware of the signs and symptoms of altitude sickness, and take your time when travelling through changes in altitude to minimise the risk of becoming ill. You should carry a medical kit with you at all times for self-treatment, as some areas are extremely remote and evacuation to safety may be necessary if it is not possible to treat your condition yourself.
Many people visit Antarctica as part of a cruise. The seas around the continent can be notoriously treacherous, so if you are prone to sea sickness or travel sickness make sure you have a good stock of whatever remedy works best for you!