Vaccines advised to ALL Afghanistan visitors

Vaccines advised to SOME Afghanistan visitors i The vaccines you need will depend on where in the country you are visiting, how long you will stay and what activities you will undertake during your trip. During your consultation our nurse will advise if you should consider any of the following vaccinations.

There is a risk of Malaria in Afghanistan. London Travel Clinic offers a range of antimalarials to keep you protected

NOTE: British travellers should also ensure they have adequate protection from MEASLES, MUMPS and RUBELLA and TUBERCULOSIS, which are normally given as part of the childhood vaccination schedule.

Destination Information for Afghanistan

Afghanistan, officially known as the Islamic Republic of Afghanistan, is a country of great beauty which has sadly been ravaged by years of terrible war. The Taliban has destroyed many of Afghanistan’s monuments and important sites, and even the stunning countryside and mountainous regions are now rendered unsafe for visiting.

If you do decide to venture here, it is best to do so as part of an organised tour – it is possible to find tour companies offering breaks to the capital, Kabul, and tourist numbers are slowly increasing although it will be many years before the country is able to regain its former glory as a popular destination for tourists and holidaymakers. In Kabul, make sure to visit the National Museum of Afghanistan to get a taste of the elaborate Afghan culture and history.

 

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There are plenty of places to eat, and Afghan cuisine is known for its delicious and prolific rices dishes. Alcohol is illegal in the country, although it may be tolerated in some Western restaurants in Kabul.

If you’re brave enough to explore further afield, there are some wonderful places to visit. Prior to the war, trekking in the stunning mountainous regions was extremely popular. It is now considered unsafe except in the Bamian region, Panjshir Valley and the Wakhan Corridor.

Malaria

There is a high risk of P.Falciparum and P.Vivax malaria zones in areas of Afghanistan below 2000m Kabul, Kandahar, Jalalabad, Herat, Qua 'E-Ye Now and surrounding areas are all affected (see map above).

Malaria chemoprophylaxis for high risk zones:

Doxycycline OR Atovaquone/Proguanil OR Mefloquine

If all other anti-malarials are not deemed suitable, Chloroquine plus Proguanil can be used but it is less effective.

Useful Links

International travel clinic locator: www.istm.org

The Foreign and Commonwealth Office: www.fco.gov.uk

British Embassy

15th Street, Roundabout Wazir Akbar Khan
PO Box 334
Kabul
Afghanistan

General telephone: +93 (0) 700 102 000

Consular email: Cons.Kabul@fco.gov.uk

Vaccine Information for Afghanistan

Disease & Source
Vaccination Details
Course
Price
Disease: Hepatitis A
Source: Contaminated food and water
Vaccination Details

One of the following vaccination courses may be recommended:

  • A single course injection of Havrix Monodose to cover against Hepatitis A
  • A course of three injections of Twinrix to cover against Hepatitis A and Hepatitis B
  • A single dose of Hepatyrix to cover against Hepatitis A and Typhoid fever
Course
Varies
Price
Varies
Disease: Diphtheria
Source: Person to person
Vaccination Details

A single injection of Revaxis will protect against Tetanus, Diphtheria and Polio. In the UK, the TDP vaccination against Diphtheria infection is part of the childhood immunisation schedule.

Course
1 dose
Price
£32.00
Disease: Tetanus
Source: Puncture wounds, burns and intravenous drug use
Vaccination Details

A single injection of Revaxis will protect against Tetanus, Diphtheria and Polio. In the UK, the TDP vaccination against Diphtheria infection is part of the childhood immunisation schedule.

Course
1 dose
Price
£32.00
Disease: Polio
Source: Contaminated food and water
Vaccination Details

A single injection of Revaxis will protect against Tetanus, Diphtheria and Polio. In the UK, the TDP vaccination against Diphtheria infection is part of the childhood immunisation schedule.

Course
1 dose
Price
£32.00
Disease: Typhoid
Source: Contaminated food and water
Vaccination Details

One of the following vaccination courses may be recommended:

  • Typhim Vi, single dose injection
  • Vivotif, 3 capsules
  • Viatim, single dose injection of Hepatitis A & Typhoid combined
Course
1 dose
Price
£50.00
Disease: Hepatitis B
Source: Infected blood and bodily fluids
Vaccination Details

One of the following vaccination courses may be recommended:

  • A course of three injections of Energix B to cover against Hepatitis B
  • A course of three injections of Twinrix to cover against Hepatitis A and Hepatitis B
Course
Varies
Price
Varies
Disease: Rabies
Source: Animal to person
Vaccination Details

A course of three injections of the vaccine (Rabies BP or Rabipur) will cover against Rabies and is recommended. In the event of possible exposure to Rabies, urgent medical attention should be sought, even in those who have received pre-exposure vaccines.

Course
Price
Disease: Malaria
Source: Mosquitos
Vaccination Details

There are a range of different anti-malarial tablets that will be prescribed to travellers based on several factors, including: destination, medical history, family history, current medications, previous problems with anti-malarial tablets, age and pregnancy.

Course
1 dose
Price
£50.00

Non-Vaccinated Diseases

Disease
Source
Our Advice
Disease: Dengue Fever
Source: Mosquitos
Our Advice: Use 50%+ Deet insect repellent
Disease: Filariasis
Source: Mosquitos
Our Advice: Use 50% Deet+ insect repellent
Disease: HIV/AIDS
Source: Bodily Fluids
Our Advice: Use a condom for sex and to never share needles or other injecting equipment (including syringes, spoons and swabs).
Disease: Leishmaniasis
Source: Sandfly
Our Advice: Use 50% Deet+ insect repellent
Disease: Leptospirosis
Source: Animals to humans
Our Advice: Avoid swallowing flood waters or water from lakes, rivers, and swamps. Avoid wading in flooded areas, especially if you have any cuts or abrasions
Source: Contaminated food and water, person to person
Our Advice: Tummy kit and Tummy Kit +

Additional Health Risks Information for Afghanistan

In the current climate, it is not advisable to visit Afghanistan unless it is absolutely essential. Travelling by road around the country is extremely dangerous. If you are required to be there for work or any other reason, you should be aware of your own safety and security at all times.

Terrorism and crime aside, there are a number of other health issues to highlight for visitors to Afghanistan. The country is in an active earthquake zone. During the winter rainfall can be heavy, causing landslips and extensive flooding, and heavy snow can cause avalanches in the mountains. During the summer months, the cities are extremely dry and dusty, which can cause issues for those with asthma or breathing difficulties. Medical attention may be hard to find, especially in more remote areas, and will not be up to UK standards anywhere in Afghanistan. There is malaria present in some parts of Afghanistan, consult a travel clinic for the appropriate malaria tablets and other necessary vaccinations before travel.

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