How important are travel vaccinations?

Travel vaccinations are a necessary precaution to immunise you against infectious and potentially incurable diseases found overseas. In some situations, proof of vaccination must be provided before entry is permitted and failure to do so can result in quarantine, immunisation or entry being denied. What’s more, depending on your travel insurance, by not receiving your vaccinations for travel, you may be at risk of your policy not paying out should you fall ill.

Are vaccinations for travel covered by insurance?

Most travel insurance policies do not include travel vaccines and medicines, and only very occasionally will policies offer any form of reimbursement. However, it is prudent to check with your insurance company to determine what is covered by your policy as, by not receiving your vaccinations for travel, you may be at risk of your policy not paying out should you fall ill.

Which travel vaccinations need boosters?

As of March 2018, the exhaustive list of travel vaccinations that require a booster includes; Meningitis, Typhoid, Hepatitis A, Hepatitis B, Twinrix (Hepatitis A & B), Japanese Encephalitis, Diphtheria Tetanus and Polio, Cholera and Rabies (pre- and post-exposure). If you are unsure of your vaccination history, you can schedule an appointment with a travel nurse to learn if you’re immune.

Can you travel without vaccinations?

Travelling without the appropriate vaccinations is inadvisable and can have devastating and irreversible consequences. While it is possible to travel without immunisation, in no circumstances is it recommended, and in some cases, particularly severely affected countries require proof of vaccination before entry is permitted.

Can babies get travel vaccinations?

Babies can and should be vaccinated before travelling overseas. The childhood vaccination programme offers protection against various diseases but doesn't cover many of the infectious diseases found in some tropical countries. Paediatric vaccinations are available for babies and children, and immunisations are frequently cheaper than those required for adults.

How far in advance do you need to get travel vaccinations?

Best practice dictates that vaccinations should be sourced a minimum of 4 weeks before travel. This not only grants your body enough time to build up enough tolerance to the disease but also allows for those vaccinations which require multiple doses spread over several weeks. However, vaccines which do not consist of a course such as Diphtheria Tetanus and Polio, and Yellow fever can be given from 7-10 days before travel. What’s more, in situations where an International Certificate of Vaccination is required before entry is permitted, admittance may be denied until a specific time-frame has elapsed.

How much does it cost to get vaccinations?

Travel vaccinations can vary in cost quite significantly depending on course, dose, and the requirement of an International Certificate of Vaccination. Most vaccinations start at circa £50 per dose, but for paediatric doses, it is often markedly cheaper. You can view a comprehensive price list here, or, to book your vaccine, contact 020 8261 7550.

Which vaccines are the most important?

The necessity of certain vaccinations is dependent on a number of key risk factors, including destination of travel, duration and season of travel, standards of accommodation, food hygiene and sanitation, and traveller behaviour. To identify what level of risk you are likely to face, it can be prudent to book an appointment with a travel nurse who can help advise on the most critical vaccinations to choose.

Where to get travel vaccinations?

London Travel Clinic offers same day, evening, and weekend appointments in ten strategically placed locations throughout the Greater London area. No matter your location, you are never too far from London’s travel health experts. You can book vaccines online here, or, for more information, contact 020 8261 7550.

Yes, if you wish to have a chaperone accompany you during your travel health consultation then we are happy to facilitate this. We can make arrangements for person, usually another member of our team, to accompany you during your consultation to provide support. If you would like London Travel Clinic to provide a chaperone for you, please call us on 0203 4321 385 to request this service prior to booking your appointment with us.



What countries require a Yellow Fever vaccine?

Yellow Fever predominantly occurs in tropical parts of South America, Trinidad in the Caribbean, and sub-Saharan and West Africa with virtually all affected countries requiring proof of vaccination before entry is permitted. To be granted access, an International Certificate of Vaccination must be presented, and failure to do so can result in quarantine, immunisation or entry being denied.

How much does it cost to get a Yellow Fever vaccine?

For all patients, a single dose of the Yellow Fever vaccine costs £70 and comes with an International Certificate of Vaccination. This certificate is often required to enter virtually all affected countries, and a re-issue cost of £25 is charged should the original be lost, damaged or stolen. You can book vaccines online here, or, for more information, contact 020 34321 381.

How far in advance of travel do you need to get a Yellow Fever vaccine?

The Yellow Fever vaccine should be sourced a minimum of 10 days before travel; this allows enough time for your body to build immunity to the virus. The Yellow Fever International Certificate of Vaccination also only becomes valid ten days after vaccination, and some countries will deny entry until this time-frame has elapsed.

Can you get Yellow Fever from the vaccine?

It is possible for the Yellow Fever vaccine to cause a very mild form of the disease, but this happens only in very rare cases. A vaccine, like any medicine, can cause a severe reaction, especially in the case of a live-virus vaccine like Yellow Fever, so doctors will be cautious about giving the vaccine to anyone with a weakened immune system.

What countries require proof of Yellow Fever vaccination?

As of February 16th 2017, the exhaustive list of countries requiring a Yellow Fever International Certificate of Vaccination from all inbound countries includes: Angola, Burundi, Central African Republic, Congo, Cote D’Ivoire, Democratic Republic of the Congo, French Guiana, Gabon, Ghana, Guinea-Bissau, Liberia, Mali, Niger, Sierra Leone, Suriname, Togo. A more in-depth list exists for visitors who are arriving from countries with risk of Yellow Fever transmission.

Where are the most common places to get Yellow Fever?

Yellow Fever occurs in tropical and sub-tropical parts of South America, the Caribbean island of Trinidad and sub-Saharan and West Africa. The virus is transmitted to humans by the bite of infected mosquitoes, it cannot be transmitted from person to person. Large epidemics can occur when infected people introduce the virus into densely populated areas with high mosquito density and where most people have little or no immunity, due to lack of vaccination.

Do I need a Yellow Fever vaccine?

All individuals aged nine months or older and living in countries or areas at risk should receive the Yellow Fever vaccine. Yellow Fever is transmitted by a daytime biting mosquito and can be fatal, and the vaccine is encouraged, if not explicitly required when visiting parts of South America and sub-Saharan and West Africa. It is crucial to screen travel itineraries and carefully evaluate the potential risk of illness after Yellow Fever vaccination. Currently, there is no specific anti-viral drug for Yellow Fever, and vaccination is the only effective form of protection.

How long do the side effects of Yellow Fever vaccine last?

The Yellow Fever vaccine may lead to headaches, drowsiness, and muscle aches for as long as ten days after immunisation. However, reactions to the Yellow Fever vaccine are mild, except in rare cases. A single dose often provides life-long protection against the Yellow Fever disease, meaning that a booster dose is not needed.

Is the Yellow Fever vaccine painful?

Despite the use of a weakened live-virus, the Yellow Fever vaccine is no more painful than any other frequently-prescribed vaccines. However, side-effects of the Yellow Fever vaccine can occur as long as ten days after immunisation and can include headaches, drowsiness, and muscle aches. That being said, the risk of not being vaccinated usually outweighs the risk of side-effects quite substantially.


What is Diphtheria?

Diphtheria is an acute infectious disease affecting the upper respiratory tract, and sometimes it affects the skin. The bacterial infection is caused by Corynebacterium diphtheriae or ulcerans. Classical Diphtheria is now rare in the UK, but risks can be high in some countries, especially where hygiene is poor.

How is Diphtheria spread?

Transmission of Diphtheria is typically contracted through droplet infection and spread by person-to-person contact but can also be contracted through cattle, consumption of unpasteurised dairy products or through poorly cleaned objects that have been contaminated with the bacterium. These objects could be something simple and innocent, such as a cup or bedlinen soiled by infected individuals. People can be carriers of Diphtheria too which spreads disease.

What countries are affected by Diphtheria?

Diphtheria currently occurs most often in India, Indonesia, China, Papua New Guinea, Russia, sub-Saharan Africa, the Middle East, and several countries in Central and South America. However, no matter where you’re visiting, it’s always best to seek advice from a travel health expert to ensure you’re fully protected. .

How do I prevent Diphtheria?

The best way to prevent illness is by vaccination. Making sure you are up to date with all your schedules and boosters.
While abroad, make sure your hand and food hygiene is optimised, avoiding raw or unpasteurised dairy foods with frequent use of hand gels. Avoid people with upper respiratory tract infections, especially in high-risk countries. The elderly or individuals with underlying conditions may be more vulnerable to infection.

What are the symptoms of Diphtheria?

The primary symptom of Diphtheria is an upper respiratory tract infection and pharyngitis. Infection is unlikely to develop progressively in vaccinated individuals. You may notice a thick grey /yellow coating on your tongue, nose and throat. High fever, a cough and headache commonly occur, and sometimes difficulty in swallowing and breathing difficulties may arise. Skin changes and ulcers can develop in the non-respiratory transmission

How dangerous is Diphtheria?

Diphtheria can be fatal in some cases. Unvaccinated individuals, those with underlying medical conditions or the young and elderly will be more vulnerable. Diphtheria can cause serious long-term conditions affecting the nervous system, adrenal glands and the heart, with potential to cause heart failure, paralysis.

Can Diphtheria be cured?

If Diphtheria is identified and treated right away, it can be cured with an antibiotic and antitoxin regime. The longer Diphtheria is left untreated, the less likely it is that the infected individual will make a full recovery. Sometimes healthcare infrastructures in other countries are of a poorer quality where availability of treatment programs are sub-optimal. Vaccination and prevention before travel gives people the best outcome.

How much does it cost to get a Diphtheria vaccine?

For all patients, the combination vaccine, Tetanus, Diphtheria and Polio (Revaxis) costs £40 at London Travel Clinic. You can book vaccinations online here, or, for more information, contact 020 34321 381.

Do I need a Diphtheria vaccination?

The best way to avoid Diphtheria is to ensure you’re fully vaccinated against it. If you’re planning on travelling to an area affected by Diphtheria, then vaccination is always recommended where needed. Outbreaks of Diphtheria occur throughout the world which is why its best to attend for a travel consultation with a specialist nurse, at least 4-8 weeks before you travel.

How long does the Diphtheria vaccination last?

Ten years if travelling to high-risk countries, but dependent upon whether you have completed your full schedule previously.

Is the Diphtheria vaccination painful?

The Tetanus, Diphtheria and Polio (often referred to as TDP) vaccination is relatively pain-free. A typical reaction may include some local tenderness and redness at the injection site; sometimes people can feel a little flu-like.