The Football world cup
This summer Brazil plays host to the 2014 football world cup. Remember to consider your health when embarking on your travels. Whilst Brazil has become considerably more developed in recent years, many parts remain rife with disease and access to safe food and drinking water may be limited.
The cities of Rio De Janeiro, Sao Paulo, Salvador, Recife, Brasilia, Porto Alegre, Fortaleza, Natal, Curitiba, Cuiaba and Belo Horizonte are all hosting games. These cities have low to no risk of Malaria, however a good mosquito repellent should be used to protect from other diseases such as Dengue fever.
The city of Manaus plays host to numerous games and is in the heart of the high-risk malaria zone. Travellers are advised to ensure they take a supply of suitable anti-malarial medication if going to games in Manaus.
Additionally there is a risk of Yellow fever throughout the majority of Brazil with south and eastern coastal zones being the only areas unaffected. However customs may require Yellow fever certification on entering the country and therefore vaccination is generally recommended at least 10 days before travel.
There is a risk of Hepatitis A throughout Brazil and all visitors should seek vaccination prior to trip. Caution should be exercised with food and water. Food should be cooked thoroughly and water fully sterilised before consumption.
There is a risk of Tetanus throughout Brazil and all travellers should ensure their tetanus vaccination is in date. If any deep cuts are obtained, immediate medical attention should be sought.
Travellers should remember that alcohol can cause dehydration. As Brazil is largely tropical, dehydration can occur easily and quickly. Excessive alcohol consumption should be avoided and visitors should make sure they rehydrate with bottled water regularly.
Visitors staying for extended periods or travelling to remote regions, should be aware of the risk of Rabies and Hepatitis B and should seek vaccination at least one month before travel. These visitors should also be aware of the risk of typhoid and diphtheria and consider vaccination at least 2 weeks before travel.
Brazil has a high incidence of crime particularly in the big cities. Travellers should not carry many valuables and keep money, passports and electrical goods hidden from view. If threatened, visitors should not resist. Gun crime is common here and resist could result in fatalities.
Brazil has a high incidence of road accidents and traffic within major cities can be bad. Visitors should ensure that they leave plenty of time when travelling to the stadiums and if hiring a car, take care when driving. Drink driving is not tolerated in Brazil and has hefty penalties. If taking taxi’s or minicabs, ensure they are licensed and a fare agreed prior to travel.