Important information on advised vaccines

Ensure you stay safe and healthy while abroad by being aware of the risks in your destination country and the steps you can take to minimise them. We’ve listed each of the vaccines provided at the London Travel Clinic and provided a summary of the diseases they protect against. Find out about countries most at risk, signs and symptoms of infection and precautions you can take to prevent exposure. Select a vaccine from the list below to read a short summary – if you require further information click the link provided for more details.

Diphtheria is an infectious bacterial disease that can cause difficulties in breathing. In severe cases, without a Diphtheria vaccine, the disease can cause respiratory failure, heart failure or a build-up of toxins in the nervous system, all of which can be fatal. It is usually spread through coughs and sneezes. For more information about Diphtheria click here.

Hepatitis A is a viral infection spread through contaminated food and water, which causes inflammation of the liver. According to the World Health Organisation, there are an estimated 1.5 million new cases of illness due to Hepatitis A each year worldwide. For more information about Hepatitis A click here.

Hepatitis B is a viral infection that is spread through infected blood or bodily fluids. It can lead to severe liver problems and is often fatal. Hepatitis B is 100 times more infectious than HIV. For more information about Hepatitis B click here.

Rabies is a fatal viral infection that is spread from animals to humans which causes acute inflammation of the spinal cord and brain. For more information about Rabies click here.

Cholera is a potentially fatal infection of the small intestine that causes acute diarrhoea and vomiting, which in turn can lead to dehydration and electrolyte imbalance. For more information about Cholera click here.

Japanese Encephalitis is a viral infection spread by mosquitos that can cause swelling of the brain, resulting in permanent brain damage or death. According to the World Health Organization at least 50,000 people in Asia develop visible symptoms of Japanese Encephalitis each year. For more information about Japanese Encephalitis click here.

Tick-borne Encephalitis is a viral disease that is spread by infected ticks. It can cause a flu-like illness, fever, headache, nausea, muscle pain and general discomfort. This form of Encephalitis is often linked with Meningitis, as the virus can attack both the brain and the meninges. For more information about Tick-borne Encephalitis click here.

Tetanus is a bacterial infection that is usually introduced into the body through a puncture wound. The disease causes severe muscle spasms and is often fatal. It is estimated that there are 1,000,000 cases of Tetanus per year, with 300,000-500,000 of these resulting in death. For more information about Tetanus click here.

Polio (Poliomyelitis) is a potentially life-threatening acute viral infection. It is a highly contagious disease which may cause permanent nerve damage, leading to paralysis of limbs and respiratory muscles. Polio has been largely wiped out over the last century, but it still poses a threat in certain areas of the world and is particularly dangerous to children. For more information about Polio click here.

Typhoid Fever is a bacterial infection that is spread through contaminated food and water. It can cause intestinal bleeding, toxic heart disease, pneumonia, seizures and swelling of the brain. Globally there are between 13 million and 16 million cases of Typhoid reported a year, 500,000 of which result in death. For more information about Typhoid click here.

Yellow Fever is a serious and sometimes fatal viral disease that is spread by mosquitoes in tropical parts of Africa and South America. It occurs in both jungle and urban environments, and is particularly common in the rainy season. For more information about Yellow Fever click here.

Malaria is a tropical disease spread by mosquitoes, which can cause fever, headache and, in severe cases, coma or death. The risk of contracting Malaria in affected areas is significant. Approximately 1,500 travellers return to the UK with Malaria every year. In 2015, there were 1,400 cases of Malaria reported among UK travellers, including six deaths. For more information about Malaria click here.

Meningitis (Meningococcal Meningitis) is a serious, potentially fatal, bacterial infection that causes swelling of the lining of the brain and spinal cord, and blood poisoning. It can result in permanent disability and death, particularly if blood poisoning occurs. For more information about Meningococcal Meningitis click here.

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