Vaccines advised to ALL Colombia visitors

Vaccines advised to SOME Colombia visitors i The vaccines you need will depend on where in the country you are visiting, how long you will stay and what activities you will undertake during your trip. During your free consultation our nurse will advise if you should consider any of the following vaccinations.

NOTE: British travellers should also ensure they have adequate protection from MEASLES, MUMPS and RUBELLA and TUBERCULOSIS, which are normally given as part of the childhood vaccination schedule.

Destination Information for Colombia

Perched at the Northern tip of South America, Colombia is known for rainforests, the mountains of the Andes and its several, excellent coffee plantations. The country’s natural beauty makes this a popular South American destination for many tourists, despite the fact that it is still in recovery from decades of brutal civil war. There’s something here for every kind of traveller, whether you’re looking for sunbathing opportunities, history, culture, nightlife or stunning natural beauty.

The capital of Colombia, Bogota, is one of South America’s most fashionable and cosmopolitan destinations. The city has a reputation for gangs and drug cartels, but in reality, this is a vibrant and fascinating mix of traditional culture and a modern urban centre. There are many other pretty colonial towns in Colombia, as well as historic settlements, including the mysterious ‘lost city’ - or Ciudad Perdida, which is said to have been built in the Colombian jungle by Tayrona Indians between the 8th and 14th centuries.

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From mountainous scenery to brilliant tropical beaches, Colombia is a country of contrasts and variety. The climate and temperature changes throughout the country, and you can find snow-capped peaks, alpine lakes, rocky deserts and lush jungles, depending on your specific destination and your personal taste. In general, the dry season runs from January to March, offering sunny skies and warm temperatures for the Columbian high season.

Chikungunya Virus Infection in Colombia

As of 6 June 2015, a total of 373 585 cases of chikunguya virus infection have been reported nationally in Colombia since the outbreak began in 2014. Of the total, 263 247 clinically diagnosed cases have been reported in 2015, of those, 538 have been laboratory confirmed.

Advice for Travellers

Avoidance of mosquito bites, particularly during daylight hours, is recommended. Bite avoidance measures include: covering up with clothing, the use of insect repellent and bed nets impregnated with insecticide. Reduction of mosquito breeding sites around hotel rooms/homes is advised for longer term stays.

Malaria and regions within country:

There is a high risk of P.Falciparum malaria in the areas of Antioquia, Choco, Cordoba, Guaviare, La Guajira, Narino, Putumayo and Vichada. There is a variable risk of P.Vivax malaria in areas below 1600m, with the exception of the city of Cartagena. There is low to no risk in Medellin and Bogota.

Malaria chemoprophylaxis for high risk zones:

Doxycycline or Atovaquone/Proguanil or Mefloquine

Chloroquine plus Proguanil should only be used if other anti-malarials cannot be tolerated as it is less effective in these regions.

Malaria chemoprophylaxis for variable risk zones:

Chloroquine plus Proguanil is recommended for variable risk zones.

Useful Links

International travel clinic locator: www.istm.org

The Foreign and Commonwealth Office: www.fco.gov.uk

British Embassy

British Embassy
Carrera 9, No 76-49, Piso 8
Edificio ING Barings, Bogotá
Colombia

Email: embajadabritanica.bogota@fco.gov.uk
Switchboard: (57) (1) 326 8300

British Consulate, Cartagena
Edificio Inteligente Chambacú
Office: 416
Cartagena
Colombia

Email: consular.cartagena@fco.gov.uk
Switchboard: (+575) 664 7590

Useful Vaccinations

Disease & Source
Vaccination Details
Course
Price
Disease: Hepatitis A
Source: Contaminated food and water
Vaccination Details

One of the following vaccination courses may be recommended:

  • A single course injection of Havrix Monodose to cover against Hepatitis A
  • A course of three injections of Twinrix to cover against Hepatitis A and Hepatitis B
  • A single dose of Hepatyrix to cover against Hepatitis A and Typhoid fever
Course
Varies
Price
Varies
Disease: Diphtheria
Source: Person to person
Vaccination Details

A single injection of Revaxis will protect against Tetanus, Diphtheria and Polio. In the UK, the TDP vaccination against Diphtheria infection is part of the childhood immunisation schedule.

Course
1 dose
Price
£32.00
Disease: Tetanus
Source: Puncture wounds, burns and intravenous drug use
Vaccination Details

A single injection of Revaxis will protect against Tetanus, Diphtheria and Polio. In the UK, the TDP vaccination against Diphtheria infection is part of the childhood immunisation schedule.

Course
1 dose
Price
£32.00
Disease: Polio
Source: Contaminated food and water
Vaccination Details

A single injection of Revaxis will protect against Tetanus, Diphtheria and Polio. In the UK, the TDP vaccination against Diphtheria infection is part of the childhood immunisation schedule.

Course
1 dose
Price
£32.00
Disease: Yellow Fever
Source: Mosquitos
Vaccination Details

Travellers to areas at risk may require a single dose injection of Stamaril. Nearly all affected countries require proof of Yellow Fever vaccination in the form of an International Certificate of Vaccination before they allow a traveller to enter. Failure to provide a valid certificate can lead to a traveller being quarantined, immunised or denied entry.

Course
1 dose
Price
£70.00
Disease: Hepatitis B
Source: Infected blood and bodily fluids
Vaccination Details

One of the following vaccination courses may be recommended:

  • A course of three injections of Energix B to cover against Hepatitis B
  • A course of three injections of Twinrix to cover against Hepatitis A and Hepatitis B
Course
Varies
Price
Varies
Disease: Rabies
Source: Animal to person
Vaccination Details

A course of three injections of the vaccine (Rabies BP or Rabipur) will cover against Rabies and is recommended. In the event of possible exposure to Rabies, urgent medical attention should be sought, even in those who have received pre-exposure vaccines.

Course
Price
Disease: Typhoid
Source: Contaminated food and water
Vaccination Details

One of the following vaccination courses may be recommended:

  • Typhim Vi, single dose injection
  • Vivotif, 3 capsules
  • Viatim, single dose injection of Hepatitis A & Typhoid combined
Course
1 dose
Price
£50.00

Non-Vaccinated Diseases

Disease
Source
Our Advice
Disease: Dengue Fever
Source: Mosquitos
Our Advice: Use 50%+ Deet insect repellent
Disease: HIV/AIDS
Source: Bodily Fluids
Our Advice: Use a condom for sex and to never share needles or other injecting equipment (including syringes, spoons and swabs).
Disease: Leishmaniasis
Source: Sandfly
Our Advice: Use 50% Deet+ insect repellent
Disease: Leptospirosis
Source: Animals to humans
Our Advice: Avoid swallowing flood waters or water from lakes, rivers, and swamps. Avoid wading in flooded areas, especially if you have any cuts or abrasions
Source: Contaminated food and water, person to person
Our Advice: Tummy kit and Tummy Kit +
Disease: Trypanosomiasis
Source: Insects
Our Advice: Use 50% Deet+ insect repellent

Additional Health Risks Information for Colombia

Columbia has struggled with a reputation for terrorism and violent crime for many years, although today safety is much improved in many areas. Risks are still present, and personal safety can never be taken for granted. Be aware of travelling after dark, always travel as part of a group and avoid isolated rural areas especially at night. If you’re travelling with luggage, keep it on your person at all times, and avoid carrying valuables or large sums of money if you can. If you’re hailing a taxi, do so from a signed taxi stop. Drug tourism is an unfortunate reality, however although illegal drugs are readily available, they remain illegal. There have been reports of drugs being planted on tourists, so be vigilant and don’t carry a bag out of the country for anyone else.

Aside from the risks to personal safety, Columbia is a beautiful country, and its vast landscape can be enjoyed in many ways. If you’re taking part in any extreme sports or walking or trekking at high altitude, ensure your clothing and kit is suitable for the activity, and that your travel insurance is adequate for the sports you plan to do. Be aware of the signs and symptoms of altitude sickness, and ensure you know how to summon assistance in the event of an emergency. Health care in the major cities is generally good, but in rural areas it can be difficult to find

Columbia is currently experiencing an outbreak of the Zika virus, which can cause birth defects. Women who are pregnant or planning to become pregnant should not travel to Columbia.

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