Vaccines advised to ALL Venezuela visitors

Vaccines advised to SOME Venezuela visitors i The vaccines you need will depend on where in the country you are visiting, how long you will stay and what activities you will undertake during your trip. During your consultation our nurse will advise if you should consider any of the following vaccinations.

There is a risk of Malaria in Venezuela. London Travel Clinic offers a range of antimalarials to keep you protected

NOTE: British travellers should also ensure they have adequate protection from MEASLES, MUMPS and RUBELLA and TUBERCULOSIS, which are normally given as part of the childhood vaccination schedule.

Destination Information for Venezuela

Venezuela is on the North coast of South America, and is home to some of the most spectacular wildlife and stunning natural landscapes on the continent. With a Caribbean Sea shoreline, pristine beaches offer unrivalled opportunities for sunbathing and diving. Venezuela’s prime tourist attraction is Angel Falls, in the Guiana Highlands, which is the world’s highest waterfall. The country also includes the second-longest river in South America, the Orinoco. Rich in the natural resources of gas and oil, this is a country with lots to offer.

Around 40% of the country is given over to national parks and reserves, and there’s an impressive variety of wildlife to be seen, especially in the rainforests of Amazonas in Guayana, the least visited region of Venezuela, which is largely uninhabited. From beaches and caves to jungles, waterfalls, rapids and breathtaking mountains, the diversity and vastness of the landscape is incredible. The capital and largest city is Caracas, offering plenty in the way of tourist attractions, museums, parks, colonial architecture, restaurants and bars.

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The currency system is complex and visitors are advised to seek help from a local to avoid being significantly short changed! Carnival season in Venezuela is February to March, but this is a good choice of South American destination all year round, with fabulously flowing waterfalls during the rainy season of May to November and deserted sandy beaches in time for Christmas.

Malaria in Venezuela

The media has reported on a 66.9% increase in the number of malaria cases in Venezuela. Nationally, a total of 31,696 malaria cases have been reported.

During the week 29 Mar-4 Apr 2015, 1,677 new cases were reported, the majority of which were located in the states of Bolivar and Amazonas. Seventeen were imported cases from Brazil, Colombia and Guyana.

The worst affected area is Sifontes municipality in Bolivar state where mine workers account for many of the cases. The miners work in the open air and live in poor camp conditions without bed nets or other bite avoidance measures.

The Ministry of Health reports that 76% of new malaria cases are due to the milder form (vivax) and 23.53% are due to the serious form (falciparum).

Advice for Travellers

The states of Bolivar and Amazonas are well recognised as high risk areas for falciparum malaria and antimalarial medication is recommended.

See the malaria section of the Venezuela country record for more detailed information and recommendations. Travellers should also take steps to avoid mosquito bites and report any fevers promptly.

Malaria and regions within country:

There is a high risk of P.Falciparum malaria in Bolivar and Amazon regions including Angel falls. There is a variable risk of P.Vivax malaria in the areas of Apure, Anzoategui, Delta Amacuro, Monagas, Sucre and Zulia. There is low to no risk of malaria in many coastal areas, the city of Caracas and Margarita island. (See map above).

Malaria chemoprophylaxis for high risk zones:

Doxycycline or Atovaquone/Proguanil or Mefloquine

Chloroquine plus Proguanil should only be used if other anti-malarials cannot be tolerated as it is less effective in these regions.

Malaria chemoprophylaxis for variable risk zones:

Chloroquine (Proguanil can also be used if Chloroquine is not deemed suitable).

Useful Links

International travel clinic locator: www.istm.org

The Foreign and Commonwealth Office: www.fco.gov.uk

British Embassy

British Embassy Venezuela
Torre La Castellana, Piso 11
Avenida Principal de la Castellana (Av. Eugenio Mendoza),
Urbanización La Castellana
Caracas
Venezuela

Email: ukinvenezuela@fco.gov.uk

General Enquiries: +58 (0) 212 319-5800

Vaccine Information for Venezuela

Disease & Source
Vaccination Details
Course
Price
Disease: Hepatitis A
Source: Contaminated food and water
Vaccination Details

One of the following vaccination courses may be recommended:

  • A single course injection of Havrix Monodose to cover against Hepatitis A
  • A course of three injections of Twinrix to cover against Hepatitis A and Hepatitis B
  • A single dose of Hepatyrix to cover against Hepatitis A and Typhoid fever
Course
Varies
Price
Varies
Disease: Diphtheria
Source: Person to person
Vaccination Details

A single injection of Revaxis will protect against Tetanus, Diphtheria and Polio. In the UK, the TDP vaccination against Diphtheria infection is part of the childhood immunisation schedule.

Course
1 dose
Price
£32.00
Disease: Tetanus
Source: Puncture wounds, burns and intravenous drug use
Vaccination Details

A single injection of Revaxis will protect against Tetanus, Diphtheria and Polio. In the UK, the TDP vaccination against Diphtheria infection is part of the childhood immunisation schedule.

Course
1 dose
Price
£32.00
Disease: Polio
Source: Contaminated food and water
Vaccination Details

A single injection of Revaxis will protect against Tetanus, Diphtheria and Polio. In the UK, the TDP vaccination against Diphtheria infection is part of the childhood immunisation schedule.

Course
1 dose
Price
£32.00
Disease: Yellow Fever
Source: Mosquitos
Vaccination Details

Travellers to areas at risk may require a single dose injection of Stamaril. Nearly all affected countries require proof of Yellow Fever vaccination in the form of an International Certificate of Vaccination before they allow a traveller to enter. Failure to provide a valid certificate can lead to a traveller being quarantined, immunised or denied entry.

Course
1 dose
Price
£70.00
Disease: Hepatitis B
Source: Infected blood and bodily fluids
Vaccination Details

One of the following vaccination courses may be recommended:

  • A course of three injections of Energix B to cover against Hepatitis B
  • A course of three injections of Twinrix to cover against Hepatitis A and Hepatitis B
Course
Varies
Price
Varies
Disease: Rabies
Source: Animal to person
Vaccination Details

A course of three injections of the vaccine (Rabies BP or Rabipur) will cover against Rabies and is recommended. In the event of possible exposure to Rabies, urgent medical attention should be sought, even in those who have received pre-exposure vaccines.

Course
Price
Disease: Typhoid
Source: Contaminated food and water
Vaccination Details

One of the following vaccination courses may be recommended:

  • Typhim Vi, single dose injection
  • Vivotif, 3 capsules
  • Viatim, single dose injection of Hepatitis A & Typhoid combined
Course
1 dose
Price
£50.00
Disease: Malaria
Source: Mosquitos
Vaccination Details

There are a range of different anti-malarial tablets that will be prescribed to travellers based on several factors, including: destination, medical history, family history, current medications, previous problems with anti-malarial tablets, age and pregnancy.

Course
1 dose
Price
£50.00

Non-Vaccinated Diseases

Disease
Source
Our Advice
Disease: Dengue Fever
Source: Mosquitos
Our Advice: Use 50%+ Deet insect repellent
Disease: HIV/AIDS
Source: Bodily Fluids
Our Advice: Use a condom for sex and to never share needles or other injecting equipment (including syringes, spoons and swabs).
Disease: Leishmaniasis
Source: Sandfly
Our Advice: Use 50% Deet+ insect repellent
Disease: Leptospirosis
Source: Animals to humans
Our Advice: Avoid swallowing flood waters or water from lakes, rivers, and swamps. Avoid wading in flooded areas, especially if you have any cuts or abrasions
Disease: Schistosomiasis
Source: Parasitic Flatworms in fresh water ponds, lakes, rivers and canals
Our Advice: Avoid swimming or wading in freshwater. Drink safe water
Source: Contaminated food and water, person to person
Our Advice: Tummy kit and Tummy Kit +
Disease: Trypanosomiasis
Source: Insects
Our Advice: Use 50% Deet+ insect repellent

Additional Health Risks Information for Venezuela

There have recently been demonstrations and political unrest in some parts of Venezuela, which has led to temporary closure of the border with Colombia. If you are planning to travel to Venezuela, you are advised to check the details for your specific destination, and remain vigilant about your personal safety at all times, as there is potential for violence. This advice applies throughout the country, and you should always be aware of taking any additional risks, travelling after dark and carrying valuables. If possible, travel as part of an organised tour with a guide who knows Venezuela well.

Venezuela is affected by the Zika virus. Women who are pregnant or planning to become pregnant should not visit the country. Road conditions in Venezuela are poor, so talk to locals before you set out about any route you plan to take. Cycling and hitchhiking are very dangerous, and it is not advisable to travel via these means in any part of the country.

Medical facilities in the large cities are of a reasonable quality, but the standard of care varies considerably throughout the country. Venezuela’s economic situation means there is a shortage of supplies, and any medical treatment beyond basic procedures may require evacuation.

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