Destination Information for Somalia
Somalia is not a typical holiday destination for most travellers, due to its reputation for civil war, pirates, extremists and militants. It remains an extremely dangerous place to be, and travel to Somalia is currently classified as EXTREMELY NOT recommended.
That said, this is a beautiful country and it’s a great shame that it won’t be seen in the foreseeable future as a location to be explored. There is a vast landscape made up of rainforests, mountains, beaches and coral reef, however the beauty of the country is overshadowed by drought and civil war. Somalia’s capital, Mogadishu, is considered to be one of the most dangerous cities in the world.
If you are insistent on exploring Somalia, head to Somaliland, which is a self-declared state and recognised as independent of Somalia itself. Travel here is still inadvisable, however it is considered to be far safer than its host country. The cosmopolitan city of Hargeisa has a rich history and culture to discover. You can visit the Laas Geel cave complex, where you can see Neolithic cave art and rock formations dating back to 9,000 B.C.
If you’re travelling outside of major cities, you are required by law to have an armed guard accompanying you. The Republic of Somaliland is not recognised by any other government so it is wise to familiarise yourself with local laws and customs to avoid any potential conflict.
Updated Yellow Fever Certificate Requirements for South Africa
The Minister of Health for South Africa has announced that the requirement for a yellow fever (YF) vaccination certificate for travellers between Zambia and South Africa has been removed. This change came into effect on 31 January 2015.
The change to South Africa's certificate requirement follows an announcement at the World Health Assembly in Geneva on Friday 30th January 2015, where a review of the YF risk in northwest Zambia indicated reconsideration of the requirement for YF vaccination for travellers to and from Zambia.
Advice for Travellers
The WHO certificate requirements for South Africa are:
A yellow fever vaccination certificate is required for travellers over 1 year of age arriving from countries with risk of yellow fever transmission, from Eritrea, São Tomé and Principe, Somalia and Tanzania and for travellers having transited more than 12 hours through the airport of a country with risk of yellow fever transmission.
Travellers are advised to check the YF certificate requirement for all countries being visited/transited during travel.
Official notification by WHO of the change to the certificate requirement of South Africa and the risk of yellow fever in Zambia is awaited.
Malaria and regions within country:
There is a high risk of P.Falciparum malaria throughout Somalia and anti-malarial medication is advised.
Malaria chemoprophylaxis for high risk zones:
If all other anti-malarials are not deemed suitable, Chloroquine plus Proguanil can be used but it is less effective.