Travel Vaccinations for Sierra Leone

Vaccines To Consider When Visiting Sierra Leone

A consultation will be completed with one of our specialist travel health nurses to assess your individual travel plans and health background before making recommendations, which can then be administered during the same appointment.

Yellow Fever + certificate
From £83
Hepatitis A
From £93
Typhoid
From £60
Tetanus, Diphtheria and Polio
From £50

Vaccines Advised To Some Sierra Leone Visitors

Rabies Vaccine - In Stock
From £75
Cholera oral
From £40
Hepatitis B - Currently Unavailable ***
From £57
There is a risk of Malaria in Sierra Leone. London Travel Clinic offers a range of antimalarials to keep you protected

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Destination Information for Sierra Leone

The largely unexplored country of Sierra Leone, on the West coast of Africa, is being hailed as an up-and-coming destination for adventurous tourists. With incredible white sandy beaches, which are some of the best in Africa, stunning scenery and welcoming, friendly local people, it’s not hard to see why.

The civil war which plagued the country from 1991 and 2002, as well as the recent Ebola outbreak, has lead to difficult times for Sierra Leone, however it is slowly addressing the issues of the past and travellers are gradually venturing back, to discover this unique country.

Freetown is Sierra Leone’s capital city, situated on the West coast, and offering a huge number of idyllic beaches which always remain quiet. This attractive city is filled with hidden gems, including a chimpanzee sanctuary, colourful colonial houses on stilts and the Sierra Leone Museum.

Banana Island is one of the main tourist spots, offering a beautiful tropical island with unspoilt views, beautiful beaches, and excellent walking and scuba diving opportunities. The country as a whole is blessed with an abundance of wildlife, including forest elephants and chimpanzees, as well as hundreds of species of birds and exotic insects.

If you’re taking a trip, it’s advisable to avoid the wet season from June to November, and opt instead to visit during the summer months of November to June.

Ebola Virus Disease in West Africa

A total of 33 new confirmed cases of Ebola virus disease (EVD) were reported during the week to 19 April 2015. This compares with 37 and 30 in the preceding weeks.

  • Guinea – in the week to 19 April, 21 confirmed cases were reported, this compares with 28 the previous week.Transmission is still confined to the west of the country and mainly in the prefecture of Forecariah, bordering Sierra Leone.
  • Liberia – the last confirmed case was buried on 28 March 2015; 42 days will have elapsed from this burial on 9 May.
  • Sierra Leone – in the week to 19 April, 12 confirmed cases were reported, this compares with 9 the previous week. Western Area Urban, which include the capital Freetown, reported 6 new confirmed cases, which represents 50% of the total number, compare with 4 cases the previous week.

As of 19 April 2015, more than 26 044 confirmed, probable and suspected cases of EVD and more than 10 808 deaths have been reported to WHO by the Ministries of Health for Guinea, Sierra Leone and Liberia. The distribution of the cases in West Africa is listed below, case numbers include confirmed, probable and suspected:

  • Guinea – 3565 cases and 2358 deaths, cases in last 21 days 70.
  • Liberia – 10 212 cases and 4573 deaths, cases in last 21 days 0.
  • Sierra Leone – 12 267 cases and 3877 deaths, cases in last 21 days 30.

Advice for Travellers

The risk of travellers becoming infected or developing Ebola haemorrhagic fever is extremely low, unless there has been direct contact with blood or bodily fluids of dead or living infected persons or animals. Healthcare workers are at particular risk, although practising appropriate infection control should effectively prevent transmission of disease in this setting.

Travellers returning from tropical countries should always seek rapid medical attention if they develop flu-like symptoms (such as fever, headache, diarrhoea or general malaise) within three weeks after return, and be reminded to mention to their health care provider that they have recently travelled.

Malaria and regions within country:

There is a high risk of P.Falciparum malaria throughout Sierra Leone, anti-malarial medication is advised.

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Non Vaccinated Diseases

Rift Valley fever

Rift Valley fever (RVF) is an acute, fever-causing viral disease that usually affects domesticated animals (such as cattle and sheep), but can also infect and cause illness in humans. The majority of human infections are caused by direct or indirect contact with the blood or organs of infected animals.

Crimean-Congo haemorrhagic fever

Crimean-Congo haemorrhagic fever (CCHF) is primarily spread to humans either by infected ticks or animal blood. Human-to-human transmission can also occur resulting from close contact with the blood, organs or other bodily fluids of an infected person.

West Nile virus

West Nile virus (WNV) is spread by mosquitoes in many countries. There are usually no symptoms, although some people develop mild flu-like symptoms, nausea and skin rash. The virus is not contagious and should get better without any treatment.

Travel Kits and Accessories
Price
Deet 50% (100ml)
£8
Deet 50% (50ml)
£6
Lifesystems EX4 Anti-Mozzie Fabric Spray 350ml
£8.50
Lifesystems Micro Mosquito Net (Single)
£20
Lifesystems Micro Mosquito Net (Double)
£25
Natural Mosquito Repellent (100ml)
£7.75

African tick bite fever

Bacterial infection from bite from infected ticks. Most common between April-November and in rural, camping and hiking areas. Causes redness around site of bite and symptoms usually within 2 weeks, such as fever, muscle pain, headache and rash.

Travel Kits and Accessories
Price
Deet 50% (100ml)
£8
Deet 50% (50ml)
£6
Lifesystems EX4 Anti-Mozzie Fabric Spray 350ml
£8.50

Chikungunya

Chikungunya is a viral disease transmitted to humans by infected mosquitoes and it causes fever and severe joint pain. Other symptoms include muscle pain, headache, nausea, fatigue and rash. Joint pain is often debilitating and can vary in duration. The disease shares some clinical signs with Dengue, and can be misdiagnosed in areas where Dengue is common. There is no cure for the disease. Treatment is focused on relieving the symptoms.

Travel Kits and Accessories
Price
Deet 50% (100ml)
£8
Deet 50% (50ml)
£6
Lifesystems Bed Bug Barrier Bedsheet
£12.99
Lifesystems EX4 Anti-Mozzie Fabric Spray 350ml
£8.50
Lifesystems Micro Mosquito Net (Single)
£20
Lifesystems Micro Mosquito Net (Double)
£25

Dengue Fever

Dengue Fever is a viral disease which develops from mosquito bites during the day time. There is no treatment, only symptomatic relief. Symptoms include: High fever (40°C), severe headache, pain behind the eyes, muscle and joint pains, nausea, vomiting, swollen glands and a rash usually lasting for 2-7 days. WHO estimates 390 million cases of Dengue infections per year.

Travel Kits and Accessories
Price
Deet 50% (100ml)
£8
Deet 50% (50ml)
£6
Lifesystems EX4 Anti-Mozzie Fabric Spray 350ml
£8.50
Lifesystems Micro Mosquito Net (Single)
£20
Lifesystems Micro Mosquito Net (Double)
£25

Leishmaniasis

A parasitic disease transmitted by the bite of an infected sandfly. Cutaneous Leishmaniasis (the most common): Causes skin lesions, mainly ulcers on exposed parts of the body, causing scars and serious disability. 90% of cases are in the Americas, the Mediterranean basin, the Middle East and Asia. Visceral Leishmaniasis (the most dangerous): Causes enlarged spleen and liver, anaemia, weight loss and irregular bouts of fever. Highly endemic in the Indian Subcontinent and East Africa. Mucotaneous (the least common): Causes partial or total destruction of the mucous membranes in the nose, mouth and throat. Most cases are found in Peru, Bolivia and Brazil.

Travel Kits and Accessories
Price
Deet 50% (100ml)
£8
Deet 50% (50ml)
£6
Lifesystems EX4 Anti-Mozzie Fabric Spray 350ml
£8.50
Lifesystems Micro Mosquito Net (Single)
£20
Lifesystems Micro Mosquito Net (Double)
£25

Schistosomiasis

Schistosomiasis, also called bilharzia, is an infection caused by a parasitic worm that lives in fresh water in subtropical and tropical regions. Avoid swimming in fresh water rivers, streams and lakes if you can. You often don't have any symptoms at first, but after a few weeks may develop a rash, high temperature, cough, diarrhoea and joint pain. Schistosomiasis can usually be treated successfully with a short course of a medication that kills the worms.

Trypanosomiasis

Human African trypanosomiasis, also known as sleeping sickness, is a parasitic disease transmitted to humans by the bite of an infected tsetse fly, which is only found in rural Africa. Initial symptoms include severe headache, insomnia, enlarged lymph nodes, anaemia and rash.

Travel Kits and Accessories
Price
Deet 50% (100ml)
£8
Deet 50% (50ml)
£6
Lifesystems EX4 Anti-Mozzie Fabric Spray 350ml
£8.50
Lifesystems Micro Mosquito Net (Single)
£20
Lifesystems Micro Mosquito Net (Double)
£25
Natural Mosquito Repellent (100ml)
£7.75