Vaccines advised to ALL Nicaragua visitors

Vaccines advised to SOME Nicaragua visitors i The vaccines you need will depend on where in the country you are visiting, how long you will stay and what activities you will undertake during your trip. During your consultation our nurse will advise if you should consider any of the following vaccinations.

There is a risk of Malaria in Nicaragua. London Travel Clinic offers a range of antimalarials to keep you protected

NOTE: British travellers should also ensure they have adequate protection from MEASLES, MUMPS and RUBELLA and TUBERCULOSIS, which are normally given as part of the childhood vaccination schedule.

Destination Information for Nicaragua

Nicaragua, with its dual coastlines with the Pacific Ocean and the Caribbean Sea, is a Central American destination with a Spanish colonial history and a dramatic landscape of lakes, volcanoes and beaches galore. It is the largest country of Central America, and home to the largest freshwater body, Lake Nicaragua to the South of the country close to the border with Costa Rica. Around a quarter of Nicaragua’s population is based in the capital city, Managua, which is situated by the shores of Lake Managua, making for an impressive view.

Tourism in Nicaragua increases each year and the country is growing in its reputation as an ecotourism destination. With world-class beaches, excellent nightlife in the colonial towns and cities and good quality accommodation, many travellers are choosing to make Nicaragua their focus for Central American exploration. It is also the safest and one of the cheapest countries in this region of the world.

Learn More

From reefs to rainforests, volcanoes to lakes, Nicaragua is a paradise for adrenaline-junkies, and you can try your hand at everything from biking and kayaking to ziplining. There’s plenty of opportunity for relaxation too, with swimming and sunbathing on the country’s beautiful beaches. High season is December – April, and you will experience higher prices, but it’s worth it for the promise of better weather.

Chikungunya in the Carribean/Americas

The outbreak of chikungunya virus infection in various Caribbean islands and the Americas is ongoing; WHO/PAHO has published further epidemiological data on countries reporting autochthonous transmission.

Central America:

  • Belize, 3 confirmed cases. Unchanged since Jan 9 report.
  • Costa Rica, 250 confirmed.
  • El Salvador, 145,403 suspected cases, 157 confirmed.
  • Guatemala, 31,463 suspected cases, 415 confirmed.
  • Honduras, 22,883 suspected cases, 14 confirmed.
  • Nicaragua, 19,554 suspected cases, 4153 confirmed.
  • Panama, 22 confirmed cases. Unchanged since Jan 9 report.

Malaria and regions within country:

There is a variable risk of P.Vivax malaria in the northern half of the country, including the areas of Bluefields, Puerto Cabezas, Leon and Ocotel. The remaining part of the country including Managua, Ometepe, Granada and San Carlos is in the low risk zone, where anti-malarial medication is generally not recommended.

Malaria chemoprophylaxis for variable risk zones:

Chloroquine.

Proguanil can be given if Chloroquine is not deemed suitable.

Useful Links

International travel clinic locator: www.istm.org

The Foreign and Commonwealth Office: www.fco.gov.uk

British Embassy

There is no British embassy in Nicaragua. Please contact the FCO for advice.

Vaccine Information for Nicaragua

Disease & Source
Vaccination Details
Course
Price
Disease: Hepatitis A
Source: Contaminated food and water
Vaccination Details

One of the following vaccination courses may be recommended:

  • A single course injection of Havrix Monodose to cover against Hepatitis A
  • A course of three injections of Twinrix to cover against Hepatitis A and Hepatitis B
  • A single dose of Hepatyrix to cover against Hepatitis A and Typhoid fever
Course
Varies
Price
Varies
Disease: Typhoid
Source: Contaminated food and water
Vaccination Details

One of the following vaccination courses may be recommended:

  • Typhim Vi, single dose injection
  • Vivotif, 3 capsules
  • Viatim, single dose injection of Hepatitis A & Typhoid combined
Course
1 dose
Price
£60.00
Disease: Hepatitis B
Source: Infected blood and bodily fluids
Vaccination Details

One of the following vaccination courses may be recommended:

  • A course of three injections of Energix B to cover against Hepatitis B
  • A course of three injections of Twinrix to cover against Hepatitis A and Hepatitis B
Course
Varies
Price
Varies
Disease: Rabies
Source: Animal to person
Vaccination Details

A course of three injections of the vaccine (Rabies BP or Rabipur) will cover against Rabies and is recommended. In the event of possible exposure to Rabies, urgent medical attention should be sought, even in those who have received pre-exposure vaccines.

Course
3 doses
Price
Per Dose ££75.00
Disease: Diphtheria
Source: Person to person
Vaccination Details

A single injection of Revaxis will protect against Tetanus, Diphtheria and Polio. In the UK, the TDP vaccination against Diphtheria infection is part of the childhood immunisation schedule.

Course
1 dose
Price
£50.00
Disease: Tetanus
Source: Puncture wounds, burns and intravenous drug use
Vaccination Details

A single injection of Revaxis will protect against Tetanus, Diphtheria and Polio. In the UK, the TDP vaccination against Diphtheria infection is part of the childhood immunisation schedule.

Course
1 dose
Price
£50.00
Disease: Polio
Source: Contaminated food and water
Vaccination Details

A single injection of Revaxis will protect against Tetanus, Diphtheria and Polio. In the UK, the TDP vaccination against Diphtheria infection is part of the childhood immunisation schedule.

Course
1 dose
Price
£50.00
Disease: Malaria
Source: Mosquitos
Vaccination Details

There are a range of different anti-malarial tablets that will be prescribed to travellers based on several factors, including: destination, medical history, family history, current medications, previous problems with anti-malarial tablets, age and pregnancy.

Course
1 dose
Price
£50.00

Non-Vaccinated Diseases

Disease
Source
Our Advice
Disease: Dengue Fever
Source: Mosquitos
Our Advice: Use 50%+ Deet insect repellent
Disease: HIV/AIDS
Source: Bodily Fluids
Our Advice: Use a condom for sex and to never share needles or other injecting equipment (including syringes, spoons and swabs).
Disease: Leishmaniasis
Source: Sandfly
Our Advice: Use 50% Deet+ insect repellent
Source: Contaminated food and water, person to person
Our Advice: Tummy kit and Tummy Kit +
Disease: Trypanosomiasis
Source: Insects
Our Advice: Use 50% Deet+ insect repellent

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