Scrub typhus, also known as bush typhus, is a bacterial disease that is spread to people through bites of infected chiggers (larval mites). Common symptoms include fever, headache, body aches, and sometimes rash. It can usually be treated with antibiotics, however people with severe illness may develop organ failure and bleeding, which can be fatal if left untreated.
Travel Vaccinations for Indonesia
Vaccines To Consider When Visiting Indonesia
A consultation will be completed with one of our specialist travel health nurses to assess your individual travel plans and health background before making recommendations, which can then be administered during the same appointment.
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Destination Information for Indonesia
Indonesia is an archipelago in South East Asia comprising of over 17,000 islands, over 300 languages and is known to have the world’s largest number of active volcanoes. This island is perfect for exploring. There are just two seasons in Indonesia: the dry season and the monsoon season. The monsoon season lasts from November until March where there’s rainfall every day, mainly towards the end of the day for a few hours. The dry season tends to get very busy with temperatures of 30 degrees and lasts from April until October.
One of the main things you could do while in Indonesia is to take boat trips to explore different islands. Tour operators offer a good selection of island hopping tours; this is a great opportunity to explore all the islands in and around this beautiful country.
Currently, travellers who intend to visit Indonesia for four weeks or more should be aware that proof of vaccination [an International Certificate of Vaccination or Prophylaxis] against poliomyelitis is needed, given four weeks to 12 months before departure.
Before you travel it is important to get vaccinated, as all visitors to Indonesia are likely to need the hepatitis A and typhoid vaccines, alongside the tetanus, diphtheria and polio vaccine. Additional vaccines depending upon risks include Rabies, Japanese encephalitis, Hepatitis B and in some circumstances Cholera. Like all travel destinations, in the case of medical emergencies, it is advisable to take out travel insurance.
Infections and Outbreaks frequently change from country to country and by attending our clinics you will be given the most up to date clinical and safety advice from our team of specialists. Our advice to you often includes aspects such as:
- Food and water hygiene
- Insect and animal bite avoidances
- Personal safety
- Sexually transmitted infections
- Sun protection
- Altitude sickness
Malaria and regions within country:
There is a high risk of P.Falciparum malaria throughout Sumatra, Indonesian Borneo, West Timor, Flores and surrounding islands and coastal areas of New Guinea. The interior of Java, Lombok and the Gili islands are also high risk and anti-malarial medication is advised. There is a low to no risk in the coastal areas of Java, the interior of New Guinea and Bali where anti-malarial medication is not normally advised.
Additional Health Risks Information for Indonesia
Most visits to Indonesia pass without incident, however travellers to the country should be aware that Indonesia, like many places in the world, is at an increased risk of terrorism. Be vigilant at all times, but especially if you are travelling to the country during holiday times. Non-terrorism related violence and crime is more common in certain areas, including Aceh, Central Sulawesi Province, Maluku Province, Papua and West Papua Province.
Due to Indonesia’s positioning along a seismic strip known as the “Ring of Fire”, the country is particularly prone to natural disasters including earthquakes, tsunamis, floods, forest fires and volcanic eruptions. If you are in the country when such an event occurs, you should follow local advice for staying safe. Check your specific destination before you travel to be aware of any disruption that may be caused by flooding, ash clouds or landslides. Local emergency services are often not-equipped to deal with such disasters to the same level of response as you would find in the UK.
Medical care in Indonesia can be hard to find and of a poor standard. Take particular care for your own health by being mindful of what you eat and drink, preventing insect bites and stings and carrying a basic first aid kit with you. Be particularly aware of avoiding animals as rabies is prevalent. Mosquito borne disease like, dengue fever and the Zika virus are present, use 50% deet over your sunscreen during the day to prevent mosquito bites. It is a Japanese encephalitis endemic area, discuss the option of vaccination with a travel clinic before you travel. If you are pregnant or planning to become pregnant you should not visit Indonesia.
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