Vaccines advised to ALL Eritrea visitors

Vaccines advised to SOME Eritrea visitors i The vaccines you need will depend on where in the country you are visiting, how long you will stay and what activities you will undertake during your trip. During your consultation our nurse will advise if you should consider any of the following vaccinations.

There is a risk of Malaria in Eritrea. London Travel Clinic offers a range of antimalarials to keep you protected

NOTE: British travellers should also ensure they have adequate protection from MEASLES, MUMPS and RUBELLA and TUBERCULOSIS, which are normally given as part of the childhood vaccination schedule.

Destination Information for Eritrea

Eritrea, on the East coast of Africa, bordering the Red Sea, is a little-visited country thanks to its difficult political situation, harsh landscape and tough travel restrictions. That said, it is an inspiring and unspoilt destination for those who make the journey. There’s plenty to offer for adventure lovers, including fabulous hiking, cycling and scuba diving. Those interested in the history of Eritrea will find plenty to be fascinated by in the museums and architecture.

The capital, Asmara, is situated in the highlands in the centre of the country and benefits from a temperate Mediterranean climate. Close to the capital is the Martyrs National Park, where you can experience much of the stunning wildlife Eritrea has to offer, including Elephants, lions, baboons, gazelles, leopards, ostriches, turtles and many species of rare birds. The variety of sights to see here means there really is something for everyone – from mountains to deserts, rainforests to beaches along the Red Sea coast. Visit the Medebar Market in Asmara, where almost everything is made from recycled materials. There’s a distinctly Italian feel to the capital, left from when Eritrea was governed by Italy up until World War 2. Pizza parlours and pastry shops are in abundance!

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Malaria and regions within country:

There is a high risk of P.Falciparum malaria in all areas below 2200m, including the Red Sea coastline. Anti-malarial medication is recommended.

Other areas including the city of Asmara is low risk and anti-malarial medication is not normally advised.

Malaria chemoprophylaxis for high risk zones:

Doxycycline OR Atovaquone/Proguanil OR Mefloquine

If all other anti-malarials are not deemed suitable, Chloroquine plus Proguanil can be used but it is less effective.

Useful Links

International travel clinic locator: www.istm.org

The Foreign and Commonwealth Office: www.fco.gov.uk

British Embassy

British Embassy Asmara
66-68 Mariam Ghimbi Street
Zip Code 174
PO Box 5584
Asmara
Eritrea

Email: Asmara.Enquiries@fco.gov.uk
Telephone: + 291 1 20 28 39

Vaccine Information for Eritrea

Disease & Source
Vaccination Details
Course
Price
Disease: Hepatitis A
Source: Contaminated food and water
Vaccination Details

One of the following vaccination courses may be recommended:

  • A single course injection of Havrix Monodose to cover against Hepatitis A
  • A course of three injections of Twinrix to cover against Hepatitis A and Hepatitis B
  • A single dose of Hepatyrix to cover against Hepatitis A and Typhoid fever
Course
Varies
Price
Varies
Disease: Diphtheria
Source: Person to person
Vaccination Details

A single injection of Revaxis will protect against Tetanus, Diphtheria and Polio. In the UK, the TDP vaccination against Diphtheria infection is part of the childhood immunisation schedule.

Course
1 dose
Price
£50.00
Disease: Tetanus
Source: Puncture wounds, burns and intravenous drug use
Vaccination Details

A single injection of Revaxis will protect against Tetanus, Diphtheria and Polio. In the UK, the TDP vaccination against Diphtheria infection is part of the childhood immunisation schedule.

Course
1 dose
Price
£50.00
Disease: Polio
Source: Contaminated food and water
Vaccination Details

A single injection of Revaxis will protect against Tetanus, Diphtheria and Polio. In the UK, the TDP vaccination against Diphtheria infection is part of the childhood immunisation schedule.

Course
1 dose
Price
£50.00
Disease: Typhoid
Source: Contaminated food and water
Vaccination Details

One of the following vaccination courses may be recommended:

  • Typhim Vi, single dose injection
  • Vivotif, 3 capsules
  • Viatim, single dose injection of Hepatitis A & Typhoid combined
Course
1 dose
Price
£60.00
Disease: Yellow Fever
Source: Mosquitos
Vaccination Details

Travellers to areas at risk may require a single dose injection of Stamaril. Nearly all affected countries require proof of Yellow Fever vaccination in the form of an International Certificate of Vaccination before they allow a traveller to enter. Failure to provide a valid certificate can lead to a traveller being quarantined, immunised or denied entry.

Course
1 dose
Price
£83.00
Disease: Cholera
Source: Contaminated food and water
Vaccination Details

A course of two Dukoral tablets, which is administered orally.

Course
2 doses
Price
£40.00
Disease: Hepatitis B
Source: Infected blood and bodily fluids
Vaccination Details

One of the following vaccination courses may be recommended:

  • A course of three injections of Energix B to cover against Hepatitis B
  • A course of three injections of Twinrix to cover against Hepatitis A and Hepatitis B
Course
Varies
Price
Varies
Disease: Meningococcal Meningitis
Source: Person to person
Vaccination Details

A single dose of Menveo vaccinates against Meningitis ACWY. Patients who have this vaccination will receive a certificate.

Course
1 dose
Price
Per Dose ££70.00
Disease: Rabies
Source: Animal to person
Vaccination Details

A course of three injections of the vaccine (Rabies BP or Rabipur) will cover against Rabies and is recommended. In the event of possible exposure to Rabies, urgent medical attention should be sought, even in those who have received pre-exposure vaccines.

Course
3 doses
Price
Per Dose ££75.00
Disease: Malaria
Source: Mosquitos
Vaccination Details

There are a range of different anti-malarial tablets that will be prescribed to travellers based on several factors, including: destination, medical history, family history, current medications, previous problems with anti-malarial tablets, age and pregnancy.

Course
1 dose
Price
£50.00

Non-Vaccinated Diseases

Disease
Source
Our Advice
Source: Insects
Our Advice: Use 50%+Deet insect repellent
Disease: Chikungunya
Source: Mosquitos
Our Advice: Use 50% Deet+ insect repellent
Disease: Dengue Fever
Source: Mosquitos
Our Advice: Use 50%+ Deet insect repellent
Disease: Leishmaniasis
Source: Sandfly
Our Advice: Use 50% Deet+ insect repellent
Disease: HIV/AIDS
Source: Bodily Fluids
Our Advice: Use a condom for sex and to never share needles or other injecting equipment (including syringes, spoons and swabs).
Source: Contaminated food and water, person to person
Our Advice: Tummy kit and Tummy Kit +
Disease: Brucellosis
Source: Animals to humans
Our Advice: Avoid eating or drinking unpasteurized milk, cheese, or ice cream (including queso fresco)
Disease: Schistosomiasis
Source: Parasitic Flatworms in fresh water ponds, lakes, rivers and canals
Our Advice: Avoid swimming or wading in freshwater. Drink safe water
Disease: Trypanosomiasis
Source: Insects
Our Advice: Use 50% Deet+ insect repellent

Additional Health Risks Information for Eritrea

The Foreign and Commonwealth Office currently advise against all travel to areas of Eritrea bordering with Sudan, Ethiopia and Djibouti. There have been border clashes in these locations, and the border is unclear and unmarked. There are reported to be landmines close to the borders, and there is a high risk of violence. Landmines remain a risk throughout the country, although driving on main roads which are not close to borders is generally safe. Take care in rural areas and avoid walking, hiking or driving after dark.

Some parts of Eritrea are high risk for malaria and Yellow fever, it is advisable to visit a Travel clinic to get the necessary vaccines, medications and advice before you travel.

If you wish to travel in Eritrea outside of the capital Asmara you will need to apply for a permit, which may take several days to be granted. Asmara boasts three public hospitals. Although there are medical facilities in other towns, these are basic and often suffer from lack of equipment and staff. If you’re travelling in the countryside, carry a well-stocked medical kit with you. It’s also recommended to take a satellite phone to summon help in the event of an emergency, as the mobile phone network in Eritrea is notoriously unreliable.

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