There have been over 400 cases of MERS (Middle Eastern Respiratory Syndrome) reported throughout the Middle East in the past 2 years. The outbreak is ongoing and has resulted in 100 deaths so far. Whilst no source has been confirmed, it is thought that camels may be able to pass the virus directly to humans. Travellers, particularly those with chronic underlying health problems, should avoid all contact with camels. Good hand hygiene is essential and hands should be washed thoroughly and regularly, especially before meal times. Anyone who has been to the Middle East and experiences cold and flu-like symptoms and shortness of breath 14 days or less after returning, should visit their GP and let them know they have visited the Middle East recently.